Spanish chamomile (Anacyclus pyrethrum) and pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineraiifolium): organic and natural pesticides and treasure of medicinal herbs

  • Mohamad H. SHAHRAJABIAN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081
  • Wenli SUN Hebei Agricultural University, College of Life Sciences, Baoding, Hebei, 071000
  • Qi CHENG Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081; Hebei Agricultural University, College of Life Sciences, Baoding, Hebei, 071000
Keywords: Anacyclus pyrethrum; medical herb; natural pesticide; pyrethrum; Tanacetum cineraiifolium

Abstract

Pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineraiifolium) which is a natural insecticide has many properties, but the most important are raid action, very low toxicity for mammalian, lack of insect immunity, broad of activity, lack of persistence and degraded quickly by UV in sunlight and very effective insect repellent. Organic farmers can use pyrethrins as an insecticide for fruit and vegetable crops. Easily degraded by oxygen, light and temperature, pyrethrum compounds are environmentally friendly and compatible with organic farming. A. pyrethrum roots contain anacyclin, pellitorine, hydrocarolin, inulin, traces of volatile oil and seasamin. The roots of A. pyrethrum are used in traditional medicine of different countries to treat epilepsy, rheumatism, cephalalgia, paralysis and hemiplegia. N-alkylamids and ester pyrethrine are the main constituents of roots which have tremendous medicinal values. The plant is also a natural pesticide with considerable antimicrobial properties. It has also possessed antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsive, antimicrobial, local anaesthetic, oxidative DNA damage preventive, immunostimulatory, saliva-stimulating, male libido enhancing, anti-mutagenesis and insecticidal activities.

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Published
2021-03-03
How to Cite
SHAHRAJABIAN, M. H., SUN, W., & CHENG, Q. (2021). Spanish chamomile (Anacyclus pyrethrum) and pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineraiifolium): organic and natural pesticides and treasure of medicinal herbs. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(1), 10816. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13110816
Section
Review articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13110816