Chinese onion, and shallot, originated in Asia, medicinal plants for healthy daily recipes

  • Mohamad H. SHAHRAJABIAN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081
  • Wenli Sun Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081
  • Qi CHENG Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081; Hebei Agricultural University, College of Life Sciences, Baoding, Hebei, 071000, China; Global Alliance of HeBAU-CLS&HeQiS for BioAl-Manufacturing, Baoding, Hebei 071000
Keywords: Chinese onion; health benefits; shallot; traditional herbal plants

Abstract

Shallot is an important part of diet of many populations and there is long-held belief in their health enhancing properties. Shallots, like onions, are a member of the Allium family, but their flavor is richer, sweeter, yet more potent. The most important benefits of shallots are high source of antioxidants, improve heart health, cancer prevention, diabetes, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, might help fight obesity, and help to prevent or treat allergies. Shallots are a rich source of flavonoid antioxidants such as quercetin and kaempferol. They contain sulfur antioxidant compounds such as diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, and allyl propyl disulfide. Shallots hole proportionately more concentration of vitamins and minerals than in onions, especially vitamin-A, pyridoxine, folates, thiamin, vitamin-C etc. Chinese onion has very complex nutritional composition and holds the better characteristics for its potential development as a food ingredient, source of antioxidant; it contains secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, particularly flavonols and anthocyanin, phytosterols and saponins. It is also one of the most important medicinal plant in Eastern Asia. It contains many vitamins and minerals and it is rich in sulphur amino acids. Chinese onion was found to possess a panoply of bioactive compounds and numerous pharmacological properties, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, hypolipidemic, anti-hypertensive and immune-protective effects.

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Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
SHAHRAJABIAN, M. H., SUN, W., & CHENG, Q. (2020). Chinese onion, and shallot, originated in Asia, medicinal plants for healthy daily recipes. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(2), 197-207. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12210725
Section
Review article