Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) and pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.), impressive advantages with wondrous health-beneficial phytochemicals

  • Mohamad Hesam SHAHRAJABIAN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (IR)
  • Wenli SUN Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology Research Institute, Beijing 100081 (CN)
Keywords: antioxidant activity, asparagus, natural products, pharmaceutical benefits

Abstract

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.), belonging to the Asparagaceae family and has substantial medicinal properties. The name for asparagus comes from the Greek meaning sprout or shoot. This review aims to summarize the most important traditional and modern health benefits and pharmaceutical advantages of asparagus. This manuscript included randomized control experiments, review articles, observational and analytical studies, which have been surveyed in Google Scholar, Scopus, Research Gate and PubMed. We screened the articles first by reviewing titles and abstracts and subsequently reading the whole manuscript of those publications deemed suitable. The searches focused on publication from 1980 to January 2022. The most notable volatile organic compounds responsible for the smell are methanethiol, dimethyl sulfide, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl sulfoxide and dimethyl sulfone. The most important health benefits of asparagus are antitumor, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic, neuroprotective, immunoprotective, antimutagenic and hypoglycemic activities. The major pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) essential oils are pulegone, menthone, isomenthone, piperitone, mentol, neo-menthol and 3-Octanol. The major health benefits of pennyroyal are antiseptic, depurative, digestive, anti-rheumatic, anti-arthritic, antimicrobial, antibacterial, stomachic, astringent, emmenagogue, decongestant and insecticide. Due to its pharmacological activities, asparagus is a high potential medicinal herb and the suggestion is to increases by doing research in both safety and efficacy. Natural herbal medicines which are also non-synthetic drug, super-fruit and functional foods is recommended and medicinal plants could be considered as organic super-fruit in all over the world. The phytochemical and pharmacological characteristics of asparagus show that asparagus is one of the most important medicinal plants in both traditional and modern pharmaceutical sciences. Pennyroyal has notable promising health benefits, and its phytochemical and pharmacological benefits indicate its important to be utilized in modern medicinal studies. This review also suggests more evidences for other researchers to use asparagus and pennyroyal as the ancient efficacious natural drugs.

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References

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Shahrajabian MH (2021). Medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory activities for natural and organic healing. Current Organic Chemistry 25(23):1-17. https://doi.org/10.2174/1385272825666211110115656

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W (2022). Using sumac (Rhus coriaria L.), as a miraculous spice with outstanding pharmacological activities. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 14(1);1-14. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb14111118

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2019a). Clinical aspects and health benefits of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in both traditional Chinese medicine and modern industry. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil and Plant Science 69(6):546-556. https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2019.1606930

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2019b). A review of ginseng species in different regions as a multipurpose herb in traditional Chinese medicine, modern herbology and pharmacological science. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 13(10):213-226. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb11310419

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2019c). Pharmacological uses and health benefits of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in traditional Asian and ancient Chinese medicine, and modern practice. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 11(3):309-319. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb11310419

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2019d). A review of astragalus species as foodstuffs, dietary supplements, a traditional Chinese medicine and a part of modern pharmaceutical science. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17(6):13371-13382. https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1706_1337113382

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2020b). Traditional herbal medicine for the prevention and treatment of cold and flu in the autumn 2020, overlapped with Covid-19. Natural Product Communications 15(8):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/1934578x20951431

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2020c). Exploring Artemisia annua L., artemisinin and its derivatives from traditional Chinese wonder medicinal science. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 48(4):1719-1741. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha48412002

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2022a). Foliar application of nutrients on medicinal and aromatic plants, the sustainable approaches for higher and better production. Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 11(26):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43088-022-00210-6

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q (2022b). Ginkgo biloba, a famous living fossil tree and an ancient herbal traditional Chinese medicine. Current Nutrition and Food Science 18(3):1-6. https://doi.org/10.2174/1573401317666210910120735

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q(2021a). Spanish chamomile (Anacycluspyrethrum) and pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineraiifolium): organic and natural pesticides and treasure of medicinal herbs. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 13(1):10816. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13110816

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Cheng Q(2021b). Improving health benefits with considering traditional and modern health benefits of Peganum harmala. Clinical Phytoscience 7(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40816-021-00255-7

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Shen H, Cheng Q(2020a). Chinese herbal medicine for SARS and SARS-CoV-2 treatment and prevention, encouraging using herbal medicine for COVID-19 outbreak. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B- Soil and Plant Science 70(5):437-443. https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2020.1763448

Shahrajabian MH, Sun W, Soleymani A, Cheng Q(2020d). Traditional herbal medicines to overcome stress, anxiety and improve mental health in outbreaks of human coronaviruses. Phytotherapy Research 2020(1):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6888

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Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2019a). Anise (Pimpinella anisum L.), a dominant spice and traditional medicinal herb for both food and medicinal purposes. Cogent Biology 5(1673688):1-25. https://doi.org/10.1080/23312025.2019.1673688

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2019b). The insight and survey on medicinal properties and nutritive components of shallot. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research 13(18):452-457. https://doi.org/10.5897/jmpr2019.6836

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2019c). Epigallocatechin Gallate, a unique natural compound with tremendous health benefits. Research on Crop Ecophysiology 14(1):52-64. https://doi.org/10.5530/fra.2020.2.9

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2021a). Health benefits of wolfberry (Gou Qi Zi) on the basis of ancient Chinese herbalism and Western modern medicine. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 11(2):109-119. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb11310419

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2021b). Barberry (Berberis vulgaris), a medicinal fruit and food with traditional and modern pharmaceutical uses. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 68(1-2):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1163/22238980-bja10019

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2021c). Fenugreek cultivation with emphasis on historical aspects and its uses in traditional medicine and modern pharmaceutical science. Mini-Review in Medicinal Chemistry 21(6):724-730. https://doi.org/10.2174/1389557520666201127104907

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Cheng Q (2021d). Natural dietary and medicinal plants with anti-obesity therapeutics activities for treatment and prevention of obesity during lock down and in post-COVID-19 era. Applied Sciences 11(17):7889. https://doi.org/10.3390/app11177889

Sun W, Shahrajabian MH, Shen H, Khoshkharam M, Cheng Q (2019d). Galactomannas and Diosgenin, miracle of natural products. Research on Crop Ecophysiology 14(1):52-65. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40816-021-00288-y

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Published
2022-05-30
How to Cite
SHAHRAJABIAN, M. H., & SUN, W. (2022). Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) and pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.), impressive advantages with wondrous health-beneficial phytochemicals. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 14(2), 11212. https://doi.org/10.55779/nsb14211212
Section
Review articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.55779/nsb14211212