Allelopathy of Sage and White Wormwood on Purslane Germination and Seedling Growth

  • Alireza PIRZAD Urmia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Urmia (IR)
  • Vahid GHASEMIAN Tarbiat Modarres University, Faculty of Agriculture (IR)
  • Reza DARVISHZADEH Urmia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Urmia (IR)
  • Mohammad SEDGHI University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Ardabil (IR)
  • Abbas HASSANI Urmia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding (IR)
  • Andrea ONOFRI University of Perugia, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Perugia (IT)
Keywords: Arthemisia sieberi, germination, Portulaca oleracea, purslane, sage, Salvia officinalis, seedling

Abstract

A bioassay run was carried out in the incubator to evaluate possible allelopathic effects of water extracts of sage and white wormwood on germination and seedling growth of purslane. Results showed that the type of extract and its concentration (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%) significantly influenced final germination percentage, germination rate and index, root and shoot length, root/shoot ratio, fresh and dry weight of seedling of purslane. The interaction between these two experimental factors was always significant, producing different results according to the different combination levels. The statistical comparison of means indicated that the maximum germination percentage and germination rate (respectively 68% and 11.4% d-1) were obtained from the untreated control (0% extract), while the lowest values for the same two characters occurred with 15% of sage (respectively 45% and 6.4% d-1) and 20% of white wormwood (38% and 7.5% d-1). Concerning germination indexes, the highest (55) and the lowest (32) values were observed respectively on the control and with 15% of sage extract or 20% of white wormwood extract. The longest (4.5 cm) and the shortest (1.3 cm) root of purslane were obtained with 5% of white wormwood and 20% of sage extracts, respectively. Changes in shoot length with sage and white wormwood extracts were similar to those in root length, even though shoot length was less affected by the concentration of extracts. Root and shoot length changes brought to maximum (22.0) and minimum (8.9) values for the root/shoot length ratio, respectively with 5% of white wormwood and 20% of sage extracts. The maximum fresh (2.111 g) and dry (0.338 g) seedling weight of purslane were obtained from untreated control, producing the same seedling weight with 5% of sage, 5 and 10% of white wormwood extract. While the minimum fresh (0.692 g) and dry (0.111 g) seedling weight were obtained from 15% of white wormwood extract, so that there is no significant differences between this value and the seedling weight produced under 10, 15 and 20% of sage and 20% of white wormwood extract.

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Author Biography

Alireza PIRZAD, Urmia University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Urmia
Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia-Iran
Published
2010-09-27
How to Cite
PIRZAD, A., GHASEMIAN, V., DARVISHZADEH, R., SEDGHI, M., HASSANI, A., & ONOFRI, A. (2010). Allelopathy of Sage and White Wormwood on Purslane Germination and Seedling Growth. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2(3), 91-95. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb234811
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb234811