Diversity and abundance of insect’s community associated to Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels foliage

Authors

  • Abdelhadi AJERRAR Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090; Ibn Zohr University, National School of Applied Sciences, Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering Unit (MA)
  • Mina ZAAFRANI Ibn Zohr University, National School of Applied Sciences, Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering Unit (MA)
  • Redouan QESSAOUI Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090 (MZ)
  • Hilal BAHADOU Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090 (MA)
  • Hind LAHMYED Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090; Ibn Zohr University, National School of Applied Sciences, Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering Unit (MA)
  • Ahmed BOUAMAIR Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090; Ibn Zohr University, Faculty of Sciences - Agadir, Laboratory of Biotechnology and Valorization of Natural Resources, 80000 Agadir (MA)
  • Abdelghani TAHIRI Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090 (MA)
  • Bouchra CHEBLI Ibn Zohr University, National School of Applied Sciences, Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering Unit (MA)
  • El Hassan MAYAD Ibn Zohr University, Faculty of Sciences - Agadir, Laboratory of Biotechnology and Valorization of Natural Resources, 80000 Agadir (MA)
  • Rachid BOUHARROUD Regional Center of Agricultural Research of Agadir, National Institute of Agricultural Research (INRA), Avenue Ennasr, B.P. 415 Rabat Principale, Rabat 10090 (MA) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8914-1050

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55779/nsb16111594

Keywords:

Coccinellidea, herbivores, Hymenoptera, insect’s diversity, parasitoids, pollinators

Abstract

Argan tree (Argania spinosa) is the unique representative of Sapotaceae family in North-Africa. This family is commonly growing in pantropical areas. The current study focused on the diversity of foliage insect associated to A. spinosa, and their seasonality in four sites in Souss region. Insects were trapped using sticky yellow traps installed on each sampled Argan tree. Consequently, 241 morphospecies were identified represented by seven orders. Hemiptera was the most abundant, followed by Diptera and Hymenoptera. However, the remains orders represented only less than 4%. A high taxonomic richness was recorded for Hymenoptera (100 morphospecies) followed by Diptera (70) and Coleoptera (39). Data analysis shows a quantitative dominance of some insects’ families. Within Hemiptera, Aleyrodidae represented up to 80% of total captures. Coccinellidea was the most abundant family of Coleoptera representing over 62%. Among Diptera and Hymenoptera, more than 60% of total abundance was represented only by five families. Argan foliage insects exhibited seasonal variations. Therefore, high significant diversity parameters were recorded during spring. However, the lowest diversity was recorded during summer in Belfaa and during autumn for the other sites. Five trophic guilds were reported. Their abundance was influenced by seasonal variation. Herbivores abundance was highly significant compared to the others trophic guilds throughout all sampling seasons. Except Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann, which infests argan fruits during the two latest stages of maturity, none of its herbivores is known as economic interest to the argan tree. On the other hand, argan trees host a complex structure of functional taxa, including pest regulating (predators and parasitoids) and pollinators.

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Published

2024-03-22

How to Cite

AJERRAR, A., ZAAFRANI, M., QESSAOUI, R., BAHADOU, H., LAHMYED, H., BOUAMAIR, A., TAHIRI, A., CHEBLI, B., MAYAD, E. H., & BOUHARROUD, R. (2024). Diversity and abundance of insect’s community associated to Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels foliage. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 16(1), 11594. https://doi.org/10.55779/nsb16111594

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Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.55779/nsb16111594

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