Variation in Agro-morphological Traits of Some Turkish Local Pop, Flint and Dent Maize (Zea mays L.)
Keywords:agronomic traits, maize genotypes, principal component analysis, Turkish maize accessions
Turkish maize accessions collected from north of Turkey were investigated for agro-morphologic variation in three maize kernel types (flint, pop and dent) including 79 accessions. Eight agronomic and morphologic traits (ear length, ear kernel row number, ear height, leaf number, 1000 kernel weight, tassel length, leaf width and leaf length) were analysed by ANOVA and principal component analysis. Varieties and accessions were found significantly different for variance components which were made up high variance due to accessions. Positive correlations were found between agronomic and morphologic traits. Multivariate discriminant function analysis with eight traits revealed that first two of multivariate correlation covered 86.6%, and next 69% of total variation among accessions and the first multivariate discriminant function had high eigenvalue with 76.8% of total variance between varieties belonged to flint and pop maize accessions while the second multivariate variable belonged to flint and dent maize accessions. These multivariate variables correctly classify three maize varieties maintaining maize accessions for their various characteristics with agronomic and morphological traits.
Abadie T, Cordeiro C, Andrade RD, Parentoni S, Magalhaes J (2000). The nuclear collection of corn germplasm for Brazil. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 117:55-56.
Asare S, Tetteh AY, Twumasi P, Adade KB, Akromah RA (2016). Genetic diversity in lowland, midaltitude and highland African maize landraces by morphological trait evaluation. African Journal of Plant Science 10(11):246-257.
Bouchet S, Bertin P, Presterl T, Jamin P, Coubriche D, ... Charcosset A (2017). Association mapping for phenology and plant architecture in maize shows higher power for developmental traits compared with growth influenced traits. Heredity 118(3):249.
Carvalho VP, Ruas CF, Ferreira JM, Moreira M, Ruas PM (2004). Genetic diversity among maize (Zea mays L.) landraces assessed by RAPD markers. Genetics and Molecular Biology 27(2):228-236.
Gazal A, Nehvi F, Lone AA, Dar ZA (2017). Assessment of genetic variability of a set of maize inbred lines for drought tolerance under temperate conditions. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(12):2380-2389.
González Ugalde WG (1997). Genetic characterization of Northern flints and flours maize (Zea mays L. spp. mays) with isozyme, SSR, and morphological markers. PhD Thesis, Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations. 11985. https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/11985.
Harlan JR (1951). Anatomy of gene centres. The American Naturalist 85(821):97-103.
Hugues A, Akanvou L, Bi AIZ, Kouakou CK (2015). Phenotypic diversity of farmer’s traditional maize (Zea mays L) varieties in Cote d’Ivoire. Maydica 60(2015):M13.
IBPGR C (1991). Descriptors for maize. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico City, Rome.
Ilarslan R, Kaya Z, Tolun A, Bretting P (2001). Genetic variability among Turkish pop, flint and dent corn (Zea mays L. spp. mays) races: Enzyme polymorphism. Euphytica 122(1):171-179.
Ilarslan R, Kaya Z, Kandemir I, Bretting P (2002). Genetic variability among Turkish pop, flint and dent corn (Zea mays L. spp. mays) races: Morphological and agronomic traits. Euphytica 128(2):173-182.
Iqbal J, Shinwari ZK, Rabbani MA (2015). Maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm agro-morphological characterization based on descriptive, cluster and principal component analysis. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47:255-264.
Iqbal J, Shinwari ZK, Rabbani MA, Khan S (2014). Genetic variability assessment of maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm based on total seed storage proteins banding pattern using SDS-PAGE. European Academic Research 2(2):2144-2160.
Kün E (1994). Tahıllar II (Sıcak İklim Tahılları) Ankara Üniversitesi. Ziraat Fakultesi Yayınları No: 1360, Ders Kitabi No: 394, Ankara. [Cereals II (Warm Climate Cereals) Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Publications No: 1360, Textbook No: 394, Ankara].
Luna V, Figueroa M, Baltazar M, Gomez L, Townsend R, Schoper J (2001). Maize pollen longevity and distance isolation requirements for effective pollen control. Crop Science 41(5):1551-1557.
Machado A, Pereira M, Pereira M, Machado CDT, Médice L (1998). Evaluation of local and improved maize varieties in different regions of Brazil. Crioulo maize: conservation and use of biodiversity. In: Soares AC, Machado AT, Silva BM, von der Weid JM (Eds.). Network Technologies Alternative Technologies, Rio de Janeiro pp 93-106.
Marshall D (1977). The advantages and hazards of genetic homogeneity. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 287(1):1-20.
Mitrović B, Stojaković M, Zorić M, Stanisavljević D, Bekavac G, ... Mladenov V (2016). Genetic gains in grain yield, morphological traits and yield stability of middle-late maize hybrids released in Serbia between 1978 and 2011. Euphytica 211(3):321-330.
Mohamed S, Ali E, Mohamed T (2012). Study of heritability and genetic variability among different plant and fruit characters of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research 1(2):55-58.
Mohammadi S, Prasanna B (2003). Analysis of genetic diversity in crop plants-salient statistical tools and considerations. Crop Science 43(4):1235-1248.
Paterniani E (2000). Origin and evolution of the species. Section 1. Evolution of corn in: Corn in Venezuela. Polar Foundation, pp 15-25.
Revilla P, Tracy W (1995). Morphological characterization and classification of open-pollinated sweet corn cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 120(1):112-118.
Sanchez GJJ, Goodman MM (1992). Relationships among the Mexican races of maize. Economic Botany 46(1):72-85.
Sanchez J, Goodman M, Rawlings J (1993). Appropriate characters for racial classification in maize. Economic Botany 47(1):44-59.
Smith O, Smith J, Bowen S, Tenborg R, Wall S (1990). Similarities among a group of elite maize inbreeds as measured by pedigree, F1 grain yield, grain yield, heterosis, and RFLPs. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 80(6):833-840
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.