Impact of Selenium Supplementation on Growth and Selenium Accumulation on Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) Plants

  • Azadeh SAFFARYAZDI Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Mehrdad LAHOUTI Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Ali GANJEALI Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Hassan BAYAT Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Selenium (Se) has been proved to be an essential element for humans and animals. However, less is known about its effects on plants. A hydroponic experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of selenium on growth, selenium accumulation and some physiological characteristics of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L. cv. Missouri) plants. Plants were grown in Hoagland nutrient solution amended with sodium selenite at 0 (control), 1, 2, 4, 6 and 10 mg.L-1 for 28 days. Growth parameters like shoot and root fresh weight, shoot and root dry weight, total dry weight, shoot and root length increased by 17, 15, 38, 19, 18 and 34 percent in response to the lowest concentration of Se (1 mg L-1), respectively over control. However, application of higher Se concentrations reduced these parameters as compared to control. Selenium up to 1 mg L-1 enhanced the levels of chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b by 87 and 165 percent, respectively, while higher levels of Se exert toxic effects. Total phenolic compounds in leaves increased directly by increasing the level of Se and plants treated with 10 mg. L-1 Se had the highest values. Selenium, sodium and calcium content increased, while potassium content decreased, by increasing selenium treatments. The highest amounts of Se in shoots (3.89 mg g-1 DW) and roots (4.27 mg g-1 DW) were obtained for the highest concentration of Se (10 mg L-1). The present results suggested the beneficial effects of Se on spinach growth and also its contribute ion to improving the nutritional value of spinach for livestock and human nutrition.

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Author Biographies

Azadeh SAFFARYAZDI, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
MS. c. Student, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Mehrdad LAHOUTI, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Professor, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Ali GANJEALI, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of biology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Hassan BAYAT, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Ph. D. Student, Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Published
2012-11-06
How to Cite
SAFFARYAZDI, A., LAHOUTI, M., GANJEALI, A., & BAYAT, H. (2012). Impact of Selenium Supplementation on Growth and Selenium Accumulation on Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) Plants. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 4(4), 95-100. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb448029
Section
Horticulture and Agriculture; Vegetables Growing; Research Articles