Distribution of Trans-Anethole and Estragole in Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) of Callus Induced from Different Seedling Parts and Fruits

  • Abd El-Moneim Mohamed Radwan AFIFY Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
  • Hossam Saad EL-BELTAGI Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
  • Anwer Abd El-Aziz HAMMAMA Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
  • Mahassen Mohamed SIDKY Horticulture Research Institute, ARC, Giza
  • Omneya Farouk Ahmed MOSTAFA Horticulture Research Institute, ARC, Giza

Abstract

In the present study, seeds from local cultivar of fennel were germinated on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) without plant growth regulators. Different types of explants from the growing seedling such as cotyledonal leaves, hypocotyls, epicotyls and roots were cultured on MS medium, contained different concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) either alone or with kinetin. Differential responses in the essential oil constituents were observed in the induction and development of callus. The major components of essential oils includes estragole, trans-anethole, limonene and fenchone were studied under different conditions to find out the best methods which could be used to reduce the amount of estragole (not favorite for human consumption) and increase the amount of trans-anethole.

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Author Biography

Abd El-Moneim Mohamed Radwan AFIFY, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
Published
2011-03-07
How to Cite
AFIFY, A. E.-M. M. R., EL-BELTAGI, H. S., HAMMAMA, A. A. E.-A., SIDKY, M. M., & MOSTAFA, O. F. A. (2011). Distribution of Trans-Anethole and Estragole in Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill) of Callus Induced from Different Seedling Parts and Fruits. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 3(1), 79-86. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb315422
Section
Plant Sciences; Microbiology; Research Articles

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