Effect of Microbial Inoculants on Uptake of Nutrient Elements in Two Cultivars of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in Saline Soils

  • Mostafa SHIRMARDI University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871 (IR)
  • Gholam Reza SAVAGHEBI University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871 (IR)
  • Kazem KHAVAZI Soil and Water Research Institute, Tehran, 14155-6185 (IR)
  • Ali AKBARZADEH University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871 (IR)
  • Mohsen FARAHBAKHSH University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871 (IR)
  • Farhad REJALI Soil and Water Research Institute, Tehran, 14155-6185 (IR)
  • Abdolvahab SADAT University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871 (IR)
Keywords: Arbuscular mycorrhiza, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, salinity, sunflower

Abstract

A greenhouse experiment was conducted in order to evaluate the interactive effects of microbial inoculants on uptake of nutrient elements (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, Cl, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) in two cultivars of sunflower. The trials were carried out on saline (EC = 7.6 dS m-1) calcareous soils taken from Eshtehard (Karaj) region of Iran. In a factorial trial and completely randomized design (CRD), three levels of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculants (non inoculation, inoculation withGlomus etunicatum and Glomus intradices) and four levels of Pseudomonas fluorescensinoculants (non inoculation and inoculation with Pseudomonas fluorescens strains 4, 9, 12) in two cultivars of sunflower with four replications per treatments were applied. Results revealed that all of the treatments increased the N uptake in Euroflor cultivar. Moreover, in Euroflor cultivar, inoculation with Pseudomonas fluorescens strains 9 and co-inoculation of Pseudomonas fluorescens strains 4 and Glomus intradices made a significant different in phosphorous uptake, while did not make any significant change in the Master cultivar. However, bacterial and fungal treatments significantly (P < 0.05) increased uptake of micro nutrients such as Fe, Zn and Mn.

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Author Biographies

Mostafa SHIRMARDI, University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871
MSc
Gholam Reza SAVAGHEBI, University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871
PhD
Kazem KHAVAZI, Soil and Water Research Institute, Tehran, 14155-6185
PhD
Ali AKBARZADEH, University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871
Master of Science
Mohsen FARAHBAKHSH, University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871
PhD
Farhad REJALI, Soil and Water Research Institute, Tehran, 14155-6185
PhD
Abdolvahab SADAT, University of Tehran, University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Department of Soil Science, Karaj, 31587-77871
MSc
Published
2010-09-27
How to Cite
SHIRMARDI, M., SAVAGHEBI, G. R., KHAVAZI, K., AKBARZADEH, A., FARAHBAKHSH, M., REJALI, F., & SADAT, A. (2010). Effect of Microbial Inoculants on Uptake of Nutrient Elements in Two Cultivars of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in Saline Soils. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 2(3), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb234678
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb234678