Trees, seeds and seedlings analyses in the process of obtaining a quality planting material for black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.)

  • Andrea M. ROMAN Forestry College Transilvania, Năsăud
  • Irina M. MORAR University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur St., 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Alina M. TRUȚA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Cătălina DAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Adriana F. SESTRAȘ University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5768-4296
  • Liviu HOLONEC University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Florin IORAS Buckinghamshire New University, Queen Alexandra Road, High Wycombe, HP11 2JZ Buckinghamshire https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7697-3381
  • Radu E. SESTRAS University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3073-1616
Keywords: biomass growth; emergence rate; heritability; quality wood; plus trees; seeds

Abstract

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) was among the first North-American tree species imported in Europe. In Romania, black locust has established itself as a forest tree appreciated for multiple uses. The objective of the hereby study was to identify a quality planting material at black locust using seeds from trees with superior traits from five stands geographically close, located in North-western of Romania. An empirical selection was done, thus trees with the most favourable traits were selected as plus trees. Among the averages of the main traits (tree height, diameter at breast height, basal area, self pruning trunk length, crown diameter) of the plus trees from the five stands, there were registered significant differences, and two stands stood out with a high biomass growth. Even if the stands had different ages (between 20-35 year), the age did not influence significantly the growth traits of the trees. The seeds of the plus trees (open-pollinated) from all the stands had large size (mean seed weight of 0.057 g/seed). The seedling emergence rate was high, especially in the solarium condition (between 52.7-73.7% compared with 33.0-41.3% in the field). Coefficient of genetic correlation and heritability calculated for the seedlings belongings to half-sib families highlighted that black locust breeding can be extremely effective by a proper selection.

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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
ROMAN, A. M., MORAR, I. M., TRUȚA, A. M., DAN, C., SESTRAȘ, A. F., HOLONEC, L., IORAS, F., & SESTRAS, R. E. (2020). Trees, seeds and seedlings analyses in the process of obtaining a quality planting material for black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.). Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(4), 940-958. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12410867
Section
Research articles

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