Effects of Chemical and Biological Fertilizers on Some Morpho-Physiological Traits of Purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) and Dragon’s Head (Lallemantia iberica Fisch. & C.A. Mey) Cultivated under Intercropping System
Keywords:monocropping; nitroxin; relative chlorophyll; stem height; yield increasing rate
Declining land productivity associated with decreasing soil organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (N) are significant issues in monoculture crop production. In addition, continuous use of inorganic fertilizer often leads to unsustainability in crop production and creating environmental pollution. Considering the importance of purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) and dragon’s head (Lallemantia iberica Fisch. & C.A. Mey) in human nutrition, a field study was carried out to assess the effects of chemical and biological fertilizers on purslane-dragon’s head intercropping. The factorial experiment was set on the basis of randomized complete block design with three replications. The first factor was an additive intercropping system including monocropping of purslane (P), monocropping of dragon’s head (D), intercropping of 100% purslane + 25% dragon’s head (PD25), intercropping of 100% purslane + 50% dragon’s head (PD50), intercropping of 100% purslane + 75% dragon’s head (PD75); the second factor was nutrient treatments including application of 50% inorganic N fertilizer (urea) + nitroxin (F1), inorganic N fertilizer (urea) (F2), nitroxin (F3) and no fertilizer (F4). For purslane crop, the highest amount of relative chlorophyll (SPAD) belonged to PD75 + F1 treatment. Intercropping increased stem height of both crop plants. The data obtained hereby clearly showed that the total yield of the purslane-dragon’s head intercropping treatments was higher than any of the monocropping treatments. PD50 + F1 had the highest amount of land equivalent ratio (LER). Therefore, intercropping of 100% purslane + 50% dragon’s head and application of 50% urea + nitroxin might be recommended for higher yield and economic return.
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.