Traditional fishing gears of Bankura District, WB, India: Some uniqueness in fish catching

  • Arindam GANGULY Bankura Sammilani College, Department of Microbiology, Bankura, West Bengal (IN)
  • Ujjal KONAR Bankura Sammilani College, Department of Microbiology, Bankura, West Bengal (IN)
  • Animesh KUNDU Bankura Sammilani College, Department of Microbiology, Bankura, West Bengal (IN)
  • Sandeep CHATTERJEE Bankura Sammilani College, Department of Microbiology, Bankura, West Bengal (IN)
  • Sristishil NANDI Bankura Sammilani College, Department of Microbiology, Bankura, West Bengal (IN)
  • Rajesh K. GUIN Ramananda College, Department of Geography, Bishnupur, Bankura, W.B (IN)
  • Madhuchhanda DUARI Belda College, Department of Zoology, Belda, Paschim Midnapore, West Bengal (IN)
  • Asish MANDAL amananda College, P.G. Department of Botany, Bishnupur, Bankura-722122, W.B. (IN)
  • Pradeep K. DAS MOHAPATRA Raiganj University, Department of Microbiology, Raiganj, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal (IN)
Keywords: destructive fishing, fisherfolk community, fishing gears, small indigenous fish, traditional fishing techniques

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to furnish the detailed features of the fish trapping devices and methods employed by the fish-farmers of Bankura district, West Bengal, India. It also determines small indigenous freshwater fish diversity. The study was carried out in randomly selected water bodies, ponds, rivers, streams; along with fisherfolk dominated thorps covering twenty-two community development blocks of Bankura district. The study revealed that the fishers of this area are accustomed to old and traditional fishing techniques. They also apply indigenous knowledge to develop some unique fish catching techniques like Gābāna, bamboo piece immersion and bowl trap. However, destructive fishing technique applying harmful chemicals had also been noticed in certain regions. A total of twenty-two traditional fishing gears have been recorded from the study area of which 7 gears were traps, 5 encircling gears, 2 entangling gears, 3 hooks and line, 4 scooping gears and 1 impaling gear. The study has revealed three unique indigenous fishing techniques of fish-farmers. A total of 34 small indigenous freshwater fish species (Least Concern, 29; Near Threatened, 3; Vulnerable, 1; Endangered, 1) were also identified. This study suggests that fishers of the study area still depend on traditional fishing gears and techniques to earn their livelihood.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Baruah D, Dutta A, Pravin P (2013). Traditional fish trapping devices and methods in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 12(1):123-129.http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/15344

Bhakta D, Manna RK, Meetei WA, Solanki JK, Sah RK (2016). Traditional fishing crafts and gears of Ukai reservoir, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 4(4):142-145.

Bingsheng Z, Youngyuan Z, Ying X (1994). Toxic effects of Meothrin on the gill ultrastructure in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodo nidellus. Journal of Environmental Sciences 6(1):52-61.

Chakravartty P, Sharma S (2013). Different types of fishing gears used by the fishermen in Nalbari district of Assam. International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research 2(3):177-191.

Chaudhari PK, Yadav BS (2013). Effect of Meothrin on tissue glycogen content in the fresh water fish Nemacheilus botia. Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Science 1(3):125-127.

Chourey P, Meena D, Varma A, Saxena G (2014). Study on fishing craft and gears of Bhopal District, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Theoretical & Applied Sciences 6(2):65-67.

Das RK, Barat S (2014). Fishing gears operated in lentic and lotic water bodies of Cooch Behar district, West Bengal, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 13(3):619-625.

Dutta TK, Mondal RP (2016). Traditional fishing gears used by the fishermen of Rajagram village, Bankura, West Bengal, India. A diamond collection of research articles. Prantar Publication, pp 47-59.

Ganguly A, Banerjee A, Mandal A, Das Mohapatra PK (2018b). Probiotic-based cultivation of Clarias batrachus: importance and future perspective. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 62(2):158-168. https://doi.org/10.14232/abs.2018.2.158-168

Ganguly A, Banerjee A, Mandal A, Dutta TK., Das Mohapatra PK (2018a). Study of indigenous freshwater fish diversity of Bankura (West Bengal), India with special reference to Clarias batrachus. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 10(4):1162 -1172. https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v10i4.1892

Ganguly A, Banerjee A, Mandal A, Khan MA, Das Mohapatra PK (2019). Isolation and characterization of bacteria from the intestine of Clarias batrachus for probiotic organism. Proceedings of the Zoological Society 72:411-419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12595-018-0283-x

Gilman E, Hall M, Booth H, Gupta T, Chaloupka M, Fennell H, Kaiser MJ, Karnad D, Gulland EJM (2022). A decision support tool for integrated fisheries bycatch management. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-021-09693-5

Homechaudhuri S, Pandit T, Poddar S, Banerjee S (1986). Effect of Mahua oil cake on the blood cells and blood values of an air-breathing catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis and a carp, Cyprinus carpio. Indian Academy of Sciences 95(5):617-622. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179426

Islam M, Hussain M (2018). Different types of fishing gears used by the fishermen in “Kumri Beel” of Goalpara district, Assam. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 6(1):128-133.

IUCN (2021). Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2021 August from: http://www.iucnredlist.org

Jabeen F, Soren AD (2021). Fishing crafts and gears of the River Manas in Assam, India. AkiNik Publications, India, pp 172-184. https://doi.org/10.22271/ed.book.1361

Madhu NR, Sarkar B, Acharya CK (2021). Traditional fishing methods used by the fishermen in the Sundarban region, West Bengal. VEETHIKA-An International Interdisciplinary Research Journal 7(3). https://doi.org/10.48001/veethika.2021.07.03.0010.48001

Manna RK, Das AK, Rao DSK, Karthikeyan M, Singh DN (2011). Fishing crafts and gear in river Krishna. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10(3):491-497. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/12026

Petetta A, Virgili M, Guicciardi S, Lucchetti A (2021). Pots as alternative and sustainable fishing gears in the Mediterranean Sea: an overview. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 31:773-795 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11160-021-09676-6

Rao CS, Rao K, Simhachalam G, Raju C (2016). Fishing methods, use of indigenous knowledge and traditional practices in fisheries management of Lake Kolleru. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4:37-44.

Roy C, Vass KK, Patra BC, Sanyal AK (2013). Fish diversity in two south-western district of West Bengal - Bankura and Purulia. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 113(4):167-179.

Samajdar I, Saikia SK (2014). Traditional fishing gears of Birbhum district, West Bengal, India. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge13(1):187-194.

Sandhya KM, Roy A, Hassan MA, Kumari S, Mishal P, Lianthuamluaia VK, … Naskar B (2019). Traditional Fishing Gears, Fish Catch and Species Composition of Selected Floodplain Wetlands of Lower Gangetic Plains, West Bengal, India. Fish Technology 56(2):101-109.

Shaji CP, Laladhas KP (2013). Monsoon flood plain fishery and traditional fishing methods in Thrissur district, Kerala. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 12(1):102-108.

Syed N, Mohite A, Sadawarte R, Desai A, Shah TH (2020). Design aspects of fishing crafts and gears of Wular lake of Kashmir, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology India 23(1):861-867.

Talwar PK, Jhingran AG (1991). Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume-1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp 541.

Tiwari S, Tiwari R, Singh A (2012). Impact of Cypermethrin on fingerlings of common edible carp (Labeo rohita). The Scientific World Journal. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/291395

Published
2022-02-10
How to Cite
GANGULY, A., KONAR, U., KUNDU, A., CHATTERJEE, S., NANDI, S., GUIN, R. K., DUARI, M., MANDAL, A., & DAS MOHAPATRA, P. K. (2022). Traditional fishing gears of Bankura District, WB, India: Some uniqueness in fish catching. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 14(1), 11132. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb14111132
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb14111132