Use of biostimulant compounds in agriculture: chitosan as a sustainable option for plant development

  • Alejandro PALACIO-MÁRQUEZ Center for Research in Food and Development A.C. CIAD, Delicias, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Carlos A. RAMÍREZ-ESTRADA Center for Research in Food and Development A.C. CIAD, Delicias, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Esteban SÁNCHEZ Center for Research in Food and Development A.C. CIAD, Delicias, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Damaris L. OJEDA-BARRIOS Autonomous University of Chihuahua, Faculty of Agrotechnological Sciences, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Celia CHÁVEZ-MENDOZA Center for Research in Food and Development A.C. CIAD, Delicias, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Juan P. SIDA-ARREOLA Technological University of Camargo Meoqui Unit, Meoqui, Chihuahua (MX)
  • Pablo PRECIADO-RANGEL Instituto Tecnológico Nacional de México – Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón (ITT), 227170 Torreón, Coahuila (MX)
Keywords: chitosan, defence inducer, iron, nanoparticles, plants, zinc

Abstract

A novel and sustainable strategy to solve problems caused by stress in plants is the use of naturally prepared solutions called biostimulants. These products in the last decade have received attention by the scientific communities of greatest relevance in agricultural systems because they modify physiological processes to improve crop production and quality. Within this group, one of the biopolymers with the greatest number of beneficial properties is chitosan, a deacetylated form of chitin found in the exoskeletons of crustaceans, fungal cell walls and in the cuticle of insects. In many species of crops the application of chitosan is studied. Several studies have demonstrated its property as an antiperspirant, plant growth promoter and defense system booster in stressful situations. There is evidence that chitosan is one of the most suitable compounds to use together with macro and micronutrients, due to its wide range of characteristics that include biocompatibility, biodegradability, high permeability, cost-benefit ratio, low toxicity, and excellent film-forming capacity. that are used as covers, in addition to that their uses can be extended with pesticides, herbicides, genetic material and plant hormones. The general objective of this review is to describe the role of biostimulants in agriculture, emphasizing the use of chitosan and its effects on plants, in addition to the relationship and interaction it presents with key micronutrients in plant nutrition such as iron and zinc.

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Published
2022-03-14
How to Cite
PALACIO-MÁRQUEZ, A., RAMÍREZ-ESTRADA, C. A., SÁNCHEZ, E., OJEDA-BARRIOS, D. L., CHÁVEZ-MENDOZA, C., SIDA-ARREOLA, J. P., & PRECIADO-RANGEL, P. (2022). Use of biostimulant compounds in agriculture: chitosan as a sustainable option for plant development. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 14(1), 11124. Retrieved from https://notulaebiologicae.ro/index.php/nsb/article/view/11124
Section
Review articles