Diversity of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Keywords: Bhubaneswar, butterfly diversity, conservation, Lepidoptera, new reports, scheduled species


The loss and fragmentation of habitat caused by rapid urbanization can have devastating effects, both at regional and global level. In this study, butterfly species diversity has been assessed in Bhubaneswar, India, as a model geographical region for understanding the biology of the local population and its dynamics.  In total 107 butterfly species have been documented, with the highest number of species being recorded from the family Nymphalidae (31.77%), followed by Lycaenidae (25.23%), Hesperiidae (23.36%), Pieridae (11.21%) and Papilionidae (8.41%). Out of these, 17 species are new reports for the city and nine species are legally protected in India under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Sørensen’s diversity index and one-way ANOVA have been used to establish the relation between species diversity and habitat. The present investigation provides baseline data for future research and conservation of species in places like the model city, which face rapid urbanization.


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How to Cite
SAMAL, S. K., SATAPATHY, A., & PATTANAIK, N. (2021). Diversity of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(4), 11074. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13411074
Research articles
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13411074