Comparative study of some physicochemical and biological properties of effect host species variation on the relationship Saharan parasitic plant Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Beck.


  • Fatma ALIA El Oued University, Faculty of Natural Science and Life, Laboratory Biology, Environment and Health, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El-Oued (DZ)
  • Atef CHOUIKH El Oued University, Faculty of Natural Science and Life, Laboratory Biology, Environment and Health, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El-Oued (DZ)
  • Ali Boutlelis DJAHRA El Oued University, Faculty of Natural Science and Life, Laboratory Biology, Environment and Health, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El-Oued (DZ)
  • Aida BOUSBIA BRAHIM El Oued University, Faculty of Natural Science and Life, Laboratory Biology, Environment and Health, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El-Oued (DZ)
  • Sadok NANI University of El Oued, VTRS Laboratory, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El Oued (DZ)
  • Ali TLIBA University of El Oued, VTRS Laboratory, P.O. Box 789, 39000, El Oued (DZ)



antioxidant activity, biological properties, Cistanche violacea (Desf). Beck., HPLC, physicochemical characteristics


This work aims to study the effect of different host species on physicochemical and biological properties of the Saharan parasitic plant Cistanche violacea that grows parasitized on two hosts Haloxylon articulatum and a Limonistrum guyonianum in the eastern desert of Algeria. The physicochemical characteristics of C. violcea showed an affinity for the results of both ash and pH and it showed a difference in the amount content of carbohydrates and the value of electrical conductivity. For the content of polyphenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins and tannins the highest values were recorded in C. violcea, which was parasitized on H. articulatum. While, the results of HPLC have identified nine compounds in the crude extracts of the parasitic plants and their hosts in different concentrations. In antioxidant activity, the tannin and anthocyanin extracts from C. violcea parasitized on H. articulatum showed better inhibition of DPPH radical and best the total antioxidant capacity respectively, but the tannins extract of C. violcea parasitized on L. guyonianum given best reducing power capacity. In SPF assay by UV-Vis spectrophotometry method, all extracts of the parasitic plants showed mild to moderate sun protection. Statically the host variation did not show any significant differences in the physicochemical analysis and the quantitative and qualitative total content of polyphenols. While the significant differences appeared through the antioxidant activity tests, especially between C. violcea and its host H. articulatum, between C. violacea and its host H. articulatum and between the two samples of parasitic plants.


Metrics Loading ...


Assanga SBI, Lujan LML, Ruiz JCG, Mccarty MF, Cota-Arce JM, Espinoza CLL, ... Ángulo DF (2020). Comparative analysis of phenolic content and antioxidant power between parasitic Phoradendron californicum (toji) and their hosts from Sonoran Desert. Results in Chemistry 2(100079):1-13.

Barbosa P, Gross P, Kemper J (1991). Influence of plant allelochemicals on the tobacco hornworm and its parasitoid, Cotesia congregata. Ecology 72(5):1567-1575.

Bautista I, Boscaiu M, Lidon A, Llinares JV, Lull C, Donat MP, Mayoral O, Vicente O (2015). Environmentally induced changes in antioxidant phenolic compounds levels in wild plants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 38(9):1-15.

Benesi IRM, Labuschagne MT, Dixon AG, Mahungu NM (2004). Stability of native starch quality parameters, starch extraction and root dry matter of cassava genotypes in different environments. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84(11):1381-1388.

Berger S, Sinha AK, Roitsch T (2007). Plant physiology meets phytopathology: plant primary metabolism and plant–pathogen interactions. Journal of Experimental Botany 58(16):4019-4026.

Bougandoura A, Brigida D, Souad A, Monica S, Mekkioua R, Fiorentino A, (2016). Chemical constituents and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Cistanche violacea Desf. (Orobanchaceae) extract. Fitoterapia 109:248-253.

Buchwald W, Mordalski R, Kucharski WA, Gryszczynska A, Adamczak A (2015). Effect of fertilization on roseroot (Rhodiola rosea L.) yield and content of active compounds. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus 14 (2):109-121.

Cam M, Hisil Y, Durmaz G (2009). Classification of eight pomegranate juices based on antioxidant capacity measured by four methods. Food Chemistry 112:721-726.

Chandra S, Khan S, Avula B, Lata H, Yang MH, Elsohly MA, Khan1 IA (2014). Assessment of total phenolic and flavonoid content, antioxidant properties, and yield of aeroponically and conventionally grown leafy vegetables and fruit crops: a comparative study. Hindawi Publishing Corporation 2014:1-9.

Chaouche TM, Haddouchi F, Ksouri R, Atik-Bekkara F (2014). Evaluation of antioxidant activity of hydromethanolic extracts of some medicinal species from South Algeria. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 1-6.

Chaouche TM, Haddouchi F, Ksouri R, Medini F, Atik-Bekara F (2013). In vitro evaluation of antioxidant activity of the hydro-methanolic extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. oxycedrus. Phytothérapie 11(4):244-249.

Chouikh A, Alia F (2021). Phytochemical properties, antibacterial and anti-free radical activities of the phenolic extracts of Retama raetam (Forssk) Webb. & Berthel. collected from Algeria Desert. Ovidius Universty Annals of Chemistry 32(1):33-39.

Chouikh A, Alia F, Neffar S, Rebiai A, Adjal E, Chefrour A (2018). Evaluation of phenolic contents (quantitative and qualitative) and antioxidant activities in different physiological phases of Genista saharae Coss. & Dur. growing in the Sahara of Algeria. Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Fascicula Biologie 25(2):115-121.

Chouikh A, Chemsa AE, Aounallah C, Aounallah I, Alia F (2020a). Phytochemical study, nutritive value, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of phenolic extracts from desert plant Calligonum comosum L'Hér. Algerian Journal of Biosciences 1(2):68-75.

Chouikh A, Rebiai A (2020b). The influence of extraction method on the composition and analgesic activity of Calligonum comosum phenolic extracts. Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry 31(1):33-37.

Dhanani T, Shah S, Gajbhiye NA, Kumar S (2013). Effect of extraction methods on yield, phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activity of Withania somnifera. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 1-7.

Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PT, Smith F (1956). Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry 28:350-356.

Dutra EA, Oliveira DA, Kedor-Hackmann ER, Santoro MI (2004). Determination of sun protection factor (SPF) of sunscreens by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 40(3):381-385.

El Atkia Y, Aouama I, El Kamaria F, Taroqa A, Lyoussia B, Talebb M, Abdellaouia A (2019). Total phenolic and flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities of extracts from Teucrium polium growing wild in Morocco. Materials Today: Proceedings 13:777-783.

Elazzouzi H, Zekri N, Zair T, Alaoui El Belghiti M (2019): Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of Anacyclus pyrethrum link plant extracts and their antioxidant activity. Karbala International Journal of Modern Science 5(4):279-287.

Enogieru AB, Haylett W, Hiss DH, Bardien S, Eko Ekpo O (2018). Rutin as a potent antioxidant: implications for neurodegenerative disorders. Hindawi. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 2018:1-17.

Fahmy GM, El-Tantawy H, Abd El-Ghani MM (1996). Distribution, host range and biomass of two species of Cistanche and Orobanche cernua parasitizing the roots of some Egyptian xerophytes. Journal of Arid Environments 34:263-276.

Furuhashi T, Furuhashi K, Weckwerth W (2011). The parasitic mechanism of the holostemparasitic plant Cuscuta. Journal of Plant Interactions 6(4):207-219.

Geetha M, Ponmozhi P, Saravanakumar M, Suganyadevi P (2011). Extraction of anthocyanin and analyzing its antioxidant properties from different onion (Allium cepa) varieties. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(3):497-506.

Hait M, Bhardwaj AK, Kashyap NK, Vaishnav MM (2019). Physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation on non- areal part of Curcuma caesia. The Pharma Innovation Journal 8(5)514-517.

Heshmati Afshar F, Delazar A, Nazemiyeh H, Esnaashari S, Bamdad Moghadam S (2012). Comparison of the total phenol, flavonoid contents and antioxidant activity of methanolic extracts of Artemisia spicigera and A. splendens growing in Iran. Pharmaceutical sciences 18(3):165-170.

Huda-Faujan N, Noriham A, Norrakiah AS, Baji AS (2009). Antioxidant activity of plants methanolic extracts containing phenolic compounds. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(3):484-489.

Isman MB, Duffey SS (1982). Toxicity of tomato phenolic compounds to the fruit worm, Heliothis zea. Entomologia Experimentalis et applicata 31(4):370-376.

Jan M, Shrivastava M (2019). Extraction of leaf pigments, carbohydrate and protein content from fresh leaves of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.). SurajPunj Journal for Multidisciplinary Research 9(1):10-17.

Javanmardia J, Stushnoff C, Locke E, Vivanco JM (2003). Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of Iranian Ocinum accessions. Food Chemistry 83:547-550.

Joel DM (2000). The long-term approach to parasitic weeds control: manipulation of specific developmental mechanisms of the parasite. Crop Protection 19:753-758.

Joel DM, Musselman LJ, Gressel J (2013). Parasitic Orobanchaceae: Parasitic Mechanisms and Control Strategies. Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp 513.

Jung UJ, Kim HJ, Lee JS, Lee MK, Kim HO, Park EJ, ... Choi MS (2003). Naringin supplementation lowers plasma lipids and enhances erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Clinical Nutrition 22(6):561-568.

Khelef Y, Chouikh A, Rebiai A, Neffar S, Chefrour A, Adjal E, Alia F (2019). Biochemical, quantitative and qualitative phenolic compounds, anti-free radical's activities of Calligonum comosum collected from different sites in the Algerian Desert. Biharean Biologist 13(191103):1-6.

Kisa D, Elmastas M, Ozturk L, Kayir O (2016). Responses of the phenolic compounds of Zea mays under heavy metal stress. Applied Biological Chemistry 59(6):813-820.

Le Floch L, Boulos E, Vela E, Ghrabi-Gammar Z, Daoud-Bouattour A, Ben Saad-Limam S (2010). Catalogue synonymique commenté de la flore de Tunisie. Republique Tunisienne, pp 272.

Liang N, Kitts DD (2016). Role of chlorogenic acids in controlling oxidative and inflammatory stress conditions. Nutrients 8(16):1-20.

Liu Y, Li F, Huang Q (2013). Allelopathic effects of gallic acid from Aegiceras corniculatum on Cyclotella caspia. Journal of Environmental Sciences 25 (4):776-784.

Longo L, Scardino A, Vasapollo G, (2007). Identification and quantification of anthocyanins in the berries of Pistacia lentiscus L., Phillyrea latifolia L. and Rubia peregrina L. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 8:360-364.

Lucci N, Mazzafera P (2009). Distribution of rutin in fava d’anta (Dimorphandra mollis) seedlings under stress. Journal of Plant Interactions 4(3):203-208.

Maalik A, Khan FA, Mumtaz A, Mehmood A, Azhar S, Atif M, ... Tariq I (2014). Pharmacological applications of quercetin and its derivatives: a short review. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research September 13(9):1561-1566.

Mbanga L, Mpiana PT, Mbala M, Ilinga L, Ngoy B, Mvingu K, Mulenga M (2015). Comparative in vitro Sun Protection Factor (SPF) values of some herbal extracts found in Kinshasa by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences 2(4):1-6.

Ningqun W, Shaozhen J, Hao Z, Shanshan M, Lumin Q, Xianglan J, (2017). Herba cistanches: Anti-aging. Aging and Disease, China 8(6):753.

Penning SC, Callaway RM (2002). Parasitic plants: parallels and contrasts with herbivores. Review in Oecologia 131:479-489.

Phuyal N, Jha PK, Raturi PP, Rajbhandary S (2020). Total phenolic, flavonoid contents, and antioxidant activities of fruit, seed, and bark extracts of Zanthoxylum armatum DC. The Scientific World Journal 2020:1-7.

Piwowarczyk R, Ochmian I, Lachowicz S, Kapusta I, Sotek Z, Błaszak M (2020). Phytochemical parasite-host relations and interactions: a Cistanche armena case study. Science of the Total Environment 716(137071):1-11.

Rebiai A, Lanze T, Chouikh A (2015). Physicochemical and biochemical properties of honey bee products in south Algeria. Science Study & Research 16 (2):133-142.

Renuga Devi M, Krishna Kumari S (2015). Quantitative estimation of primary and secondary metabolites in hot aqueous extract of Pleurotus sajor caju. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 4 (3):198-202.

Sarooshi RA, Cresswel GC (1994). Effects of hydroponic solution composition, electrical conductivity and plant spacing on yield and quality of strawberries. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34:529-535.

Schalka S, Reis VMS (2011). Sun protection factor: meaning and controversies. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia 86(3):507-515.

Silva LR, Videira R, Monteiro AP, Valentão P, Andrade PB (2009). Honey from Luso region (Portugal): Physicochemical characteristics and mineral contents. Microchemical Journal 93:73-77.

Sroka Z (2005). Antioxidative and antiradical properties of plant phenolics. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C 60(11-12):833-843.

Stewart GR, Press MC (1990). Biochemistry of parasitic angiosperms. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 41:127-151.

Suresh GK, Harinath NM (2010). Estimation of tannins in different parts of Memecylon umbellatum Burm. Journal of Pharmacy Research 3(3):554-556.

Truong D, Nguyen D, Anh Ta NT, Bui AV, Do TH, Nguyen HC (2019). Evaluation of the use of different solvents for phytochemical constituents, antioxidants, and in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of Severinia buxifolia Hindwai. Journal of Food Quality 8178294:1-9.

Vamos-Vigyazo L, Haard NF (1981). Polyphenol oxidases and peroxidases in fruits and vegetables. C. R. C. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 15(1):49-127.

Xu JG, Hu QP, Liu Y (2012). Antioxidant and DNA-protective activities of chlorogenic acid isomers. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60:11625-11630.

Zengin G, Aktumsek A, Guler GO, Cakmak YS, Yildiztugay E (2011). Antioxidant properties of methanolic extract and fatty acid composition of Centaurea urvillei DC. subsp. hayekiana Wagenitz. Records of Natural Products 5(2):123-132.

Zhang X, Jeza VT, Pan Q (2008). Sabmonelle Typhi: Form antihuman pathogen to a vector. Cellular et Molecular Immunology 5(2):91-97.

Zhou Z, Zeng L, Chen Y, Wang X, Liao Y, Xiao Y, Fu X, Yang Z (2020). Metabolism of gallic acid and its distributions in tea (Camellia sinensis) plants at the tissue and subcellular levels. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21(5684):1-13.




How to Cite

ALIA, F. ., CHOUIKH, A., DJAHRA, A. B. ., BOUSBIA BRAHIM, A. ., NANI, S. ., & TLIBA, A. . (2021). Comparative study of some physicochemical and biological properties of effect host species variation on the relationship Saharan parasitic plant Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Beck. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(4), 11054.



Research articles
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13411054