Comparative leaf anatomy of ten Nepenthes L. species (Nepenthaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia

  • Mohd N. GHAZALLI Resource Utilisation and Agrobiodiversity Conservation Programme (BE2), Agrobiodiversity and Environment Research Centre, MARDI Headquarters, 43400 Serdang, Selangor (MY)
  • Amin A. TAMIZI Agri-Omics and Bioinformatics Programme (BN1), Biotechnology and Nanotechnology Research Centre, MARDI Headquarters, 43400 Serdang, Selangor (MY)
  • Dome NIKONG Digital Dome Photography, 21500 Permaisuri, Terengganu (MY)
  • Muhammad I. MAT ESA University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, 43400 Serdang, Selangor (MY)
  • Edward E. BESI University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, 43400 Serdang, Selangor (MY)
  • Salmaniza SALLEH Resource Utilisation and Agrobiodiversity Conservation Programme (BE2), Agrobiodiversity and Environment Research Centre, MARDI Headquarters, 43400 Serdang, Selangor (MY)
  • Noraini TALIP University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Bangi Campus, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (MY)
  • A. LATIFF University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Bangi Campus, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (MY)
Keywords: anatomy, identification, Nepenthes, Peninsular Malaysia, taxonomy

Abstract

The genus Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia includes fourteen species that can be found from the sea-level to over 1000 m in the mountains. Our observation indicated that Nepenthes can be found in five major habitat types: specifically in tropical lowland evergreen rain forest, heath forest, peat swamp forest, montane forest, and limestone forest. Their leaves have several anatomical characters that remain underexplored. There were specific differences between species that could be potential identification characters. The following anatomical characteristics were explored for their diagnostic value and comprised of ten distinct anatomical characteristics in Nepenthes, viz., density and stomatal index (SI), hypodermis cell – cell layers, occurrence of fiber groups mixed with the hypodermis cells, adaxial cuticle thickness, vascular bundle arrangement, midrib outline shape, venation plasticity, druses appearance and appendage/trichome type.

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Published
2021-11-03
How to Cite
GHAZALLI, M. N., TAMIZI, A. A., NIKONG, D., MAT ESA, M. I., BESI, E. E., SALLEH, S., TALIP, N., & LATIFF, A. (2021). Comparative leaf anatomy of ten Nepenthes L. species (Nepenthaceae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(4), 10980. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13410980
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13410980