Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ain Sekhouna, Saida, Algeria

  • Asmaa AMARI Djillali Liabes University Sidi-Bel-Abbès, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Department of Environmental Sciences, Laboratory for the Eco-development of Spaces, BP 89, 22000 Sidi-Bel-Abbès (DZ)
  • Kadda HACHEM University of Saida - Dr. Tahar Moulay, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, Laboratory of Biotoxicology, Pharmacognosy and Biological Valorization of Plants (LBPBVP), BP 138 ENNASR, 20000 Saida; University of Saida - Dr. Tahar Moulay, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, BP 138 ENNASR, 20000 Saida (DZ)
  • Maya M. HASSANI University of Saida - Dr. Tahar Moulay, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology, BP 138 ENNASR, 20000 Saida (DZ)
Keywords: Ain Sekhouna, Algeria, cutaneous leishmaniasis, ethnopharmacological survey, medicinal plant, natural remedy

Abstract

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a common anthropozoonosis and a major public health problem in Algeria. Therefore, we conducted an ethnopharmacological survey in the locality of Ain Sekhouna (located in the highlands of western Algeria), one of the foci of cutaneous leishmaniasis. We aimed to identify the medicinal plants and natural remedies used by the local population to treatment cutaneous leishmaniasis. We identified three plant species, belonging to three distinct families, used as natural remedies against the disease, namely, Haloxylon scoparium Pomel (Chenopodiaceae, 73%), Artemisia herba-alba Asso. (Asteraceae, 18%), and Camellia sinensis L. (Theaceae, 9%). Additionally, 35% of the plant-based medicines mostly comprised the powdered form of the aerial parts of the plant. According to the respondents, the powder is combined with butter, cade oil, or honey and is applied exogenously on the skin. Overall, these medicinal plants can be used as a source of natural medicines, in combination with commonly used dermatological excipients, to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis.

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Published
2021-06-07
How to Cite
AMARI, A., HACHEM, K., & HASSANI, M. M. (2021). Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ain Sekhouna, Saida, Algeria. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(2), 10961. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13210961
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13210961