Nutritional composition and FT-IR functional group analysis of pharaoh cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) from Puducherry coastal waters, India
The nutritional composition and functional groups of the edible portion of the most often utilized cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis of Puducherry coastal waters, India was evaluated. Moisture is the basic component of the mantle with 82.45±0.15% followed by a good source of 14.5±0.1% protein. The ash, lipid, and carbohydrates were found less than 1%. The energetic value of the mantle of cuttlefish S. pharaonis is calculated as 6.06 KJ/g. Na and K were found in considerable quantities of 2772 and 3247 mg/kg respectively and the Na/K ratio (0.85) was less than 1. The amount of Zn, Mn, B, Al, Sr, and As was found to be relatively high when compared to a low or insignificant level of Cu, Mo, Se, Cr, Ni, Pb, and Hg. The fatty acid profile analysis revealed that it contains 71.67% saturated fatty acids,17.87% polyunsaturated fatty acids and 10.38% monounsaturated fatty acids. In all three types, the C16:0 palmitic acid (40.29%), C18:0 stearic acid (16.54%), and C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid (13.52%) represented as the dominant fatty acids. The FT-IR analysis disclosed the presence of various functional groups belonging to protein, lipids, and polysaccharides. Thus, the present study proved that the cuttlefish S. pharaonis is considered as a potential nutraceutical and the right choice of food for greater and wider human consumption.
Adeniyi SA, Orikwe JE, Ehiagbonare JE, Joshia SJ (2012). Nutritional composition of three different fishes (Clarias gariepinus, Malapterurus electricus and Tilapia guineenisis). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 8:793-797. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2012.891.895
AOAC (2000). Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edition. The Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
AOAC (2011). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 18th Edition. AOAC International, Gaitherburg, 2590.
AOAC (2015). AOAC-RI 050901. “VERATOX? AFLATOXIN” Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Arlington.
Brita Nicy A, Ganesan P, Kanaga V, Velayutham P (2017). Proximate analysis of cuttlefish ink procured from Thoothukudi coast: A comparative study. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 5(3):253-255.
Carrillo M, Bain J, Frisoni G, Weiner W (2012). Worldwide Alzheimer’s disease neuroimaging initiative. Alzheimer’s and Dementia 8(4):337-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2012.04.007
Carta G, Murru E, Manca C (2017). Palmitic acid: physiological role, metabolism and nutritional implications. Frontiers in Physiology l8:902. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00902
Chakraborty K, Joseph D (2015). Inter-annual and seasonal dynamics of amino acid, mineral and vitamin composition of silver belly Leiognathus splendens. Journal of Marine Biological Association 95:817-828. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315414001155
Chakraborty K, Joy M, Vijayagopal P (2016). Nutritional qualities of common edible cephalopods at the Arabian Sea. International Food Research Journal 23(5):1926-1938.
Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK (1995). Potassium. In: The Concise Encyclopaedia of Foods and Nutrition. CRC Press, London, pp 865-866.
Finley JW, Shahidi F (2001). The chemistry, processing and health benefits of highly unsaturated fatty acids: an overview. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Chemistry, Nutrition and Health Effects 1:2-11.
FRAD, CMFRI (2019). Marine Fish Landings in India 2018. Technical Report, CMFRI, Kochi
Hibino H, Nin F, Tsuzuku C, Kurachi Y (2010). How is the highly positive endocochlear potential formed? The specific architecture of the stria vascularis and the roles of ion- transport apparatus. Pflugers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 459(4):521-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-009-0754-z.
Ikeda Y, Yatsu A, Arai N, Sakamoto W (2002). Concentration of statolith trace elements in the jumbo flying squid during El Nino and non-El Nino years in the eastern Pacific. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82(5):863-866. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315402006264
Jackson MI, Combs JGF (2008). Selenium and anti-carcinogenesis: Underlying mechanisms. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 11:718-726. https://doi.org/10.1097/mco.0b013e32830fbd71
Jereb P, Roper CFE (2005). Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date (Volume-1), Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Species catalogue for fishery purposes, Rome 4(1):262.
Lall SP (2002). The minerals. In: Halver JE, Hardy RW (Eds). Fish nutrition. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp 259-308.
Njinkoue JM, Gouado I, Tchoumbougnang F, Yanga Ngueguim JH, Ndinteh DT, … Schweigert FJ (2016). Proximate composition, mineral content and fatty acid profile of two marine fishes from the Cameroonian coast: Pseudotolithus typus (Bleeker, 1863) and Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bowdich, 1825). Nutrition and Food Science 4:27-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nfs.2016.07.002
Novotny JA (2011). Molybdenum nutriture in humans. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine 16:164-168. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2156587211406732
Odor RK, Mangold K, Boucher-Rodoni R, Wells MJ, Wells J (1984). Nutrient absorption, storage and remobilization in Octopus vulgaris. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 11:239-258. https://doi.org/10.1080/10236248409387049
Ogunlesi MWL, Okiei V, Azeez M, Obakachi G, Osunsanmi M (2010). Vitamin contents of tropical vegetables and foods determined by voltammetric and titrimetric methods and their relevance to the medicinal uses of the plants. International Journal of Electrochemical Science 5:105-115.
Percival SS, Harris ED (1991). Regulation of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase with copper. Ceruloplasmin maintains levels of functional enzyme activity during differentiation of K562 cells. Biochemistry Journal 274(1):153-158. https://dx.doi.org/10.1042%2Fbj2740153
Schumacher MJL, Domingo JM, Cobella J (1993). Chromium copper and zinc concentrations in edible vegetables grown in Tarragona province Spain. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 50:514-521. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00191239
Sousa N, Moreira MJ, Saraiva C, de Almeida JM (2018). Applying fourier transform mid infrared spectroscopy to detect the adulteration of Salmo salar with Oncorhynchus mykiss. Foods 7(55):1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7040055
Suzuki H, Park SJ, Tamura M, Ando S (1998) Effect of the long-term feeding of dietary lipids on the learning ability, fatty acid composition of brain stem phospholipids and synaptic membrane fluidity in adult mice: a comparison of sardine oil diet with palm oil diet. Mechanism of Aging and Development 101(1-2):119-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0047-6374(97)00169-3
Thanonkaew A, Benjakul S, Visessanguan W (2006). Chemical composition and thermal property of cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) muscle. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19:127-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2005.04.008
Tzu Kai Lin, Zhong L, Santiago JL (2018). Anti-inflammatory and skin barrier repair effects of topical application of some plant oils. International Journal of Molecular Science 19(1):70. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390%2Fijms19010070
Venkataramana GV, Komal Kumar J, Devi Prasad AG, Karimi P (2010). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic study on liver of freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus. Romanian Journal of Biophysics 20(4):315-322. https://www.rjb.ro/articles/294/Venka.pdf
Villanueva R (2006). Composition in essential and non-essential elements of early stages of cephalopods and dietary effects on the elemental profiles of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae. Aquaculture 261:225-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2006.07.006
Watermann JJ (2000). Composition and quality of fish. Torry Research Station. Edinburgh.
Winberg GG (1971). Methods for the estimation of production of aquatic animals. Academic Press pp 12-175. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1972.17.2.0325a
Zlatanos S, Laskaridis K, Feist C, Sagredos A (2006). Proximate composition, fatty acid analysis and protein digestibility corrected amino acid score of three Mediterranean cephalopods. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 50:967-970. https://doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.200600003
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.