Hog plums: Its importance, potentials and future prospects

  • Hilda A. EMMANUEL-AKERELE Anchor University, Department of Biological Sciences, Lagos (NG)
  • Ogochukwu F. OLISE Anchor University, Department of Biological Sciences, Lagos;University of Benin, Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology and Sustainability Research Group (NG)
  • William O. TANIMOWO Anchor University, Department of Biological Sciences, Lagos (NG)
Keywords: antimicrobial, antioxidants, anti-tyrosinase, cytotoxic, Spondias mombin

Abstract

Hog plums, scientifically known as Spondias mombin are medicinal plants that are rich in nutrients and antioxidants, and are of great importance in the food/agricultural industries and the health sector. In the food industries, it is an important fruit crop that can be eaten raw, juiced and processed for making jam, ice cream and jellies, and also provides farmers an alternative feeding material for lactating ruminants to help in galactogenesis and lactopoiesis. In the health sector, hog plums fruit, leaves and stem extract possess antimicrobial, cytotoxic, anti-tyrosinase, diuretic and febrifuge activities for the treatment of certain disease conditions, and it can be effectively preserved by wax coating of the fruits. Methanolic extract of Spondias contain methyl gallate, a substance that has the potential to facilitate apoptotic cell death in human glioblastoma, lung, and breast cancer Hog plums are also rich in vitamins, it strengthens the immune system, protects against heart disease, and stimulates the production of collagen which keeps the body healthy. It is a plant that has obvious and promising health benefits, and as such more research into its properties is advisable. Preservation of hog plum can be achieved by wax coating, retardation of ripening and senescence, and application of growth regulators.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abo KA, Ogunleye VO, Ashidi JS (1999). Antimicrobial potential of Spondias mombin, Croton zambesicus and Zygotritonia crocea. Phytotheraphy Research 13(6):494-497. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573

Adepoju OT, Oyewole OE (2008). Nutrient composition and acceptability study of fortified jams from Spondias Mombin (Hog Plum, Iyeye in Yoruba) fruit pulp. Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Science 29(2):180-189. http://www.sciepub.com/reference/104872

Aiyeloja AA, Bello OA (2006). Ethnobotanical potentials of plants in Nigeria. A case study of Enugu State. Educational Research and Review Science International Journal 1(1):16-22. https://www.scirp.org/

Ayoka AO, Akomolafe RO, Akinsomisoye OS, Ukponmwan OE (2008). Medicinal and economic value of Spondias mombin. African Journal of Biomedical Research 11(2):129-136. https://doi.org/10.4314/ajbr.v11i2.50714

Bhakat SK, Hore JK, Sen SK (1997). Extension of storage life of hog plum (Spondias dulcis). Indian Journal of Plant Physiology 2(2):177-178.

Esua OJ, Makinde OO, Arueya GL, Chin NL (2016). Antioxidant potential, phytochemical and nutrient compositions of Nigerian hog plum (Spondias mombin) seed kernel as a new food source. International Food Research Journal 23(5):179-185.

Fred-Jaiyesimi A, Abo K (2009). Anti-diabetic activity of Spondias mombin extract in NIDDM rats. Pharmaceutical Biology 47(3):215-218. https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200802462493

Garg C, Khurana P, Garg M (2017). Molecular mechanisms of skin photoaging and plant inhibitors. International Journal of Green Pharmacy 11(2):217-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.22377/ijgp.v11i02.1031

George VC, Dellaire G, Rupasinghe HPV (2017). Plant flavonoids in cancer chemoprevention: role in genome stability. Journal of Nutrient Biochemistry 45:1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2016.11.007

Gbile ZO, Soladoye MO (2002). Vernacular names of Nigerian plants (Yoruba). (2nd ed). Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN) Press, Ibadan Nigeria pp 101. https://www.scirp.org/

Kasote DM, Katyare SS, Hegde MV, Bae H (2015). Significance of antioxidant potential of plants and its relevance to therapeutic applications. International Journal of Biological Sciences 11(8):982-991. https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.12096

Kim YJ, Uyama H (2005). Tyrosinase inhibitors from natural and synthetic source: structure, inhibition mechanism and prospective for the future. Cellular Molecular Life Sciences 62:1707-1723. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-005-5054-y

Kim YJ (2007). Antimelanogenic and antioxidant properties of gallic acid. Biological and Pharmacological Bulletin 30:1052-1055. https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.30.1052

Li NA, Li S, Zhang YJ, Xu XR, Chen YM, Li HB (2014). Resources and biological activities of natural polyphenols. Nutrients 6(1):6020-6047. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6126020

Nwidu LL, Elmorsy E, Yibala OI, Carter WG (2017). Hepato-protective and antioxidant effects of Spondias mombin leaf and stem extracts upon carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress. Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy 8(2):5-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtumed.2018.03.006

Patathananone S, Daduang J, Koraneekij A, Li C (2019). Tyrosinase Inhibitory effect, antioxidant and anticancer activities of bioactive compounds in ripe hog plum (Spondias pinnata) fruit extracts. Oriental Journal of Chemistry 35(3):1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/ojc/350302

Popoola OK, Marnewick JL, Rautenbanch F, Ameer F, Iwuoha EI, Hussein AA (2015). Inhibition of oxidative stress and skin aging-related enzymes by prenylated chalcones and other flavonoids from Helichrysum teretifolium. Molecules 20:7143-7155. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20047143

Sameh S, Al-Sayed E, Labib RM, Singab AN (2018). Genus Spondias: A phytochemical and pharmacological review. Evidenced Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (4):1-13. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5382904

Saronee F, Bekinbo MT, Ojeka SO, Dapper DV (2019). Comparative Assessment of methanolic extracts of hog plum (Spondias mombin linn.) Leaves and turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) rhizomes on blood glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin in male Wistar rats. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management 23(9):1631-1636. https://doi.org/10.4314/jasem.v23i9.4

Sun G, Zhang S, Xie Y, Zhang Z, Zhao W (2016). Gallic acid as a selective anticancer agent that induces apoptosis in SMMC-7721 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Oncology Letters 11(1):150-158. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2015.3845

Ubah CO, Asuquo OR, Oko GE, Ewaa OI, Eluwa MA (2018). Evaluating the effects of methanolic leaf extract of neem plant and hog plum on the liver histology of zidovudine induced-oxidative stress Wistar rats. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research 6(4):1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/JOCAMR/2018/46306

Ubah CO, Asuquo OR, Oko GE, Eluwa MA (2018). Comparative effects of methanolic leaf extracts of Azadirachta indica and Spondias mombin on the hypothalamicpituitary-adrenal axis of zidovudine stress induced Wistar rats. Annual Research and Review in Biology 29(5):1-15. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARRB/2018/45293

Udeh NE, Oguike MA (2008). Influence of Spondias mombin l (hog plum) on colostrum, milk composition and growth in west African dwarf sheep. Animal Production Research Advances 4:3-4. https://doi.org/10.4314/apra.v4i3-4.49779

Published
2021-04-23
How to Cite
EMMANUEL-AKERELE, H. A., OLISE, O. F., & TANIMOWO, W. O. (2021). Hog plums: Its importance, potentials and future prospects. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 13(2), 10858. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb13210858
Section
Review articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb13210858