Seasonal arbuscular mycorrhiza colonization dynamic displays genotype-specific pattern in Iris sibirica L.
Arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) is a widespread symbiotic association between plants and Glomeromycota fungi, that brings nutritional-derived benefits for phytobiont. Influence of plant breeding on arbuscular mycorrhiza susceptibility is a topic of current interest that can have many practical implications. Insights into whether new cultivars have a lower mycorrhizal potential, are critical for optimization of AM use. Aim of this research was to conduct a comparative assessment of AM colonization across a phenophase gradient in two Iris sibirica genotypes: one displaying the wild traits versus a modern reblooming cultivar with double flowers. Analysis showed that both Iris sibirica genotypes developed Paris-morphotype. Results indicated that on average the genotype with simple flowers had a higher AM colonization frequency (84.44±2.15) compared to the new cultivar with double flowers (52.22±6.09). Significant influence was exercised both by genotype (p<0.001) as well as by phenophase (p=0.0013), over colonization frequency. The genotypes displayed contrasting colonization dynamics: highest AM frequency level occurred in spring for the genotype with simple flowers, and in autumn for the one with double flowers. Results suggest that host metabolic state has regulating role over functionality of established AM-symbiotic association according to plant nutritional requirements, while fungi might also respond to increased or decreased carbon flux in the plant, associated with geophyte phenology.
Brundrett MC, Tedersoo L (2018). Evolutionary history of mycorrhizal symbioses and global host plant diversity. New Phytologist 220:1108-1115. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14976
Boltenkov E, Artyukova E, Kozyrenko M, Erst A, Trias-Blasi A (2020). Iris sanguinea is conspecific with I. sibirica (Iridaceae) according to morphology and plastid DNA sequence data. PeerJ 8:e10088. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.10088
Cavagnaro T, Smith FA, Lorimer MF, Haskard KA, Ayling SM, Smith SE (2008). Quantitative development of Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizas formed between Asphodelus fistulosus and Glomus coronatum. New Phytologist 149:105-113. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00001.x
Cluj-Napoca climate database (2019a). Retrieved 2020 October 20 from https://www.wunderground.com
Cluj-Napoca climate database (2019b). Retrieved 2020 October 20 from https://en.tutiempo.net/climate
Crișan I, Vidican R, Stoian V, Stoie A (2017). Wild Iris spp. from Romanian meadows and their importance for ornamental plant breeding. Romanian Journal of Grassland and Forage Crops 16:21-32. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20183119145
Crișan I, Vidican R, Stoian V, Sandor M, Stoie A (2018). Arbuscular mycorrhizae of five summer geophytes from Cluj county. Scientific Papers Agronomy Series 61(1):61-66. http://www.uaiasi.ro/revagrois/PDF/2018-1/paper/11.pdf
Crișan I, Vidican R, Olar L, Stoian V, Morea A, Ștefan R (2019). Screening for changes on Iris germanica L. rhizomes following inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhiza using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Agronomy 9:815. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120815
Dickson S, Smith FA, Smith SE (2007). Structural differences in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbioses: more than 100 years after Gallaud, where next? Mycorrhiza 17:375-393. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-007-0130-9
Dickson S (2004). The Arum–Paris continuum of mycorrhizal symbioses. New Phytologist 163:187-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01095.x
Giesemann P, Rasmussen HN, Liebel H., Gebauer G (2019). Discreet heterotrophs: green plants that receive fungal carbon through Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhiza. New Phytologist 226:960-966. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16367
Grey-Wilson C (1997). Series Sibericae. In: White B, Bowley M, Brearley C et al. (Eds). A guide to species irises their identification and cultivation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp 142.
Hodge A, Helgason T, Fitter AH (2010). Nutritional ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Fungal Ecology 3(4):267-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2010.02.002
Hohmann P, Messmer MM (2017). Breeding for mycorrhizal symbiosis: focus on disease resistance. Euphytica 213:113. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-1900-x
Index Seminum (2020). Hortus Agro-Botanicus Napocensis, Academic Pres, pp 7-8.
INRA (2001). Mycocalc software. National Institute for Agricultural Research Dijon. Retrieved 2020 October 22 from https://www2.dijon.inrae.fr/mychintec/Mycocalc-prg/download.html
Jacott CN, Murray JD, Ridout CJ (2017). Trade-offs in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: disease resistance, growth responses and perspectives for crop breeding. Agronomy 7:75. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy7040075
Kaššák P (2013). Screening of presence of the chosen anthocyanin colorants in the Limniris group Irises. Preliminary Communication of 8th Croatian & 8th International Symposium on Agriculture, Dubrovnik, Croatia, pp 383-387. http://sa.agr.hr/pdf/2013/sa2013_p0409.pdf
Kaššák P, Kuli M (2014). Dyeing potential of the Iris sibirica L. flowers. 2nd Annual International Interdisciplinary Conference, Azores, Portugal. AIIC Proceedings 2:372-380. http://www.eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/4163/3999.
Kokkoris V, Hamel C, Hart MM (2019). Mycorrhizal response in crop versus wild plants. PLoS One 14(8): e0221037. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221037
Konvalinková T, Püschel D, Řezáčová V, Gryndlerová H, Jansa J (2017). Carbon flow from plant to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is reduced under phosphorus fertilization. Plant and Soil 419(1-2):319-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3350-6
Kovalev V, Mykhailenko O, Krechun A, Osolodchenko T (2017). Antimicrobial activity of extracts of Iris hungarica and Iris sibirica. Annals of the Mechnikov Institute 2:57-64.
Liu A, Ku YS, Contador CA, Lam HM (2020). The Impacts of domestication and agricultural practices on legume nutrient acquisition through symbiosis with rhizobia and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Frontiers in Genetics 11:583954. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.583954
NGA (2020). The National Gardening Association. Plant Data Base. Retrieved 2020 October 23 from https://garden.org/plants/view/232413/Siberian-Iris-Iris-Concord-Crush/
Tawaraya K. (2003). Arbuscular mycorrhizal dependency of different plant species and cultivars. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 49(5):655-668. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2003.10410323
Tejeda A, Zurita F (2020). Capacity of two ornamental species (Iris sibirica and Zantedeschia aethiopica) to take up, translocate, and accumulate carbamazepine under hydroponic conditions. Water 12:1272. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051272
Trouvelot A, Kough JL, Gianinazzi-Pearson V (1986). Estimation of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection levels. Proceedings of the 1st European Symposium on Mycorrhizae, Dijon, France.
Ven A, Verlinden MS, Verbruggen E, Vicca S (2019). Experimental evidence that phosphorus fertilization and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis can reduce the carbon cost of phosphorus uptake. Functional Ecology 33(11):2215-2225. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13452
Vierheilig H, Coughlan AP, Wyss URS, Piché Y (1998). Ink and vinegar, a simple staining technique for arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64:5004-5007. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.64.12.5004-5007.1998
Wang Y, Lv N, Mao X, Yan Z, Wang J, Tan W, Li X, Liu H, Wang L, Xi B (2018). Cadmium tolerance and accumulation characteristics of wetland emergent plants under hydroponic conditions. RSC Advances 8:33383-90. https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ra04015j
Yang J, Qi Y, Li H, Xu G (2017). Comparison of nitrogen and phosphorus purification effects of different wetland plants on eutrophic water. ICAESEE IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 113:012042. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/113/1/012042
Zhu Y-G, Smith SE, Barritt AR, Smith FA (2001). Phosphorus (P) efficiencies and mycorrhizal responsiveness of old and modern wheat cultivars. Plant and Soil 237(2):249-255. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013343811110
Zubek S, Nobis M, Błaszkowski J, Mleczko P, Nowak A (2011). Fungal root endophyte associations of plants endemic to the Pamir Alay Mountains of Central Asia. Symbiosis 54:139-149. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13199-011-0137-z
Copyright (c) 2021 Notulae Scientia Biologicae
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Distribution - Permissions - Copyright
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SHST, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SHST supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.