Intraspecific diversity of Vigna subterranea accessions obtained from multinational sources
Keywords:Bambara groundnut, biplot, dendogram, intraspecific diversity, multinational, principal components
Bambara groundnut is a legume with balanced meal. The present study investigated agro-morphological diversity of 61 Bambara groundnut accessions whose passport data were from 21 countries. The Genetic Resources Centre (GRC), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria provided the 61 accessions. The accessions were established in row plots of ten plants on the field at the Centre for Ecological studies, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Seventeen quantitative and two qualitative traits were recorded from the sampling units for each accession. Descriptive and multivariate statistical analysis were employed on the 61 x 19 matrix mean data. Significant variation exists among the 61 accessions for the 19 descriptors. Mean genetic similarity among the 61 accessions was 0.78, the least (0.48) similarity was between TVSu1750 and TVSu250 and the highest (0.92) was between TVSu391 and TVSu415. TVSu1843 flowered earliest at 35 days. The 61 accessions were grouped into three main clusters. TVSu1964 and two accessions from Malawi (TVSu1748 and TVSu1750) in cluster III had high grain yield. Accessions in cluster II were significant for both vigour and grain yield. Striking uniformity and diversity existed among accessions from the same country. Genetic improvement in vigour and grain yield of Bambara groundnut is possible within each country.
Azam-Ali SN, Sesay A, Karikari SK, Massawe FJ, Aguilar-Manjarrez J, Bannayan MM, Hampson KJ (2001). Assessing the potential of the potential of an underutilized crop- crop study using Bambara groundnut. Experimental Agriculture 37:433-472. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479701000412
Baudoin JP, Mergeai G (2001). Grain legumes. In: Crop Production in Tropical Africa. Brussels: Directorate Generale for International Cooperation.
Bonny BS, Adjoumani K, Seka D, Koffi KG, Kouonon LC, Koffi KK, Bi ZI (2019). Agromorphological divergence among four agro-ecological populations of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) in Côte d'Ivoire. Annals of Agricultural Sciences 64:103-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aoas.2019.04.001
Dimakatso RM (2006). Evaluation of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean) for yield stability and yield related characteristics. MSc Thesis, University of the Free State.
Drabo I, Sereme P, Dabire CB (1995). Bambara groundnut. In: Heller J, Engels J, Hammer K (Eds). Proceedings of the Workshop on Conservation and Improvement of Bambara Groundnut [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.]; November 14-16; Harare, Zimbabwe International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.
Eckert AJ, Heerwaarden JV, Wegrzyn JL, Nelson CD, Ross-Ibarra J, Gonzalez Martınez SC, Neale D (2010). Patterns of population structure and environmental associations to aridity across the range of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L., Pinaceae). Genetics 185:969-982. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.110.115543
FAO (2020). Bambara groundnut-Traditional crop of the month. Retrieved 2020 May 25 from https://www.fao.org/traditional-crops/bambaragroundnut/en/
Goli AE (1997). Bibliographical review. In: Heller J, Begeman F, Mushonga J (Eds). Bambara Groundnut. Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdc. Proceedings of the workshop on Conservation and Improvement of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdc.) 1995 conference. Zimbabwe, pp 4-10.
Gonne S, Felix-Alain W, Burgui B (2013). Assessment of twenty Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdcourt) landraces using quantitative morphological traits. International Journal of Plant Research 3(3):39-45. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.plant.20130303.04
Gower JC (1971). A general coefficient of similarity and some of its properties. Biometrics 27:623-637. https://doi:10.2307/2528823
Heller J, Begemann F, Mushonga J (1997). Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. Proceedings of the Workshop on Conservation and Improvement of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.). Harare, Zimbabwe. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben, Rome, Italy, pp 165.
Hillocks R, Bennett C, Mponda O (2012). Bambara nut: A review of utilization, market potential and crop improvement. African Crop Science Journal 20:1-16.
IPGRI, IITA and BAMNET (2000). Descriptors for Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy; International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria; The International Bambara Groundnut Network, Germany.
Jonah PM, Abimiku OE, Adeniji OT (2014). Multivariate analysis and character association on the growth and yield of Bambara groundnut in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Journal in Management and Social Science Research 3:2.
Kumaga FK, Adiku SGK, Ofori K (2003). Effect of post-flowering water stress on dry matter and yield of tropical grain legumes. International Journal of Agriculture and Biological Research 14:405-407.
Morris JB (2008). Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. Regeneration, characterization and potential uses for natural products and flavonoids. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 153:15-19.
Ntundu WH, Shillah SA, Marandu WYF, Christiansen JL (2006). Morphological diversity of Bambara groundnut [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.] landraces in Tanzania. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53:367-378. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-004-0580-2
Ntundu WH, Inga BC, Christiansen JL, Andersen SB (2004). Analysis of genetic diversity in Bambara groundnut [Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc] landraces using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. African Journal of Biotechnology 3(4):220. http://hdl.handle.net/1807/4119
Ofori K, Kumaga F, Tonyigah A (2006). Morphological characterization and agronomic evaluation of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) germplasm in Ghana. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter 145:23-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n36p377
Okpuzor J, Okochi V, Ogbunugafor H, Ogbonnia S, Fagbayi T, Obidiegwu C (2009). Estimation of cholesterol level in different brands of vegetable oils. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 8:57-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2009.57.62
Pasquet RS, Schwedes S, Gepts P (1999). Isozyme diversity in Bambara groundnut. Crop Science 39:1228-1236. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1999.0011183X003900040045x
Poulter NH, Caygill JC (1980). Vegetable milk processing and rehydration characteristic of Bambara groundnut (Voandzeia subterranea (L) Thouars). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 31:1158-1163. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740311106
SAS Institute Inc (2011). SAS OnlineDoc_9.4. SAS Institute, Cary.
Shengro A, Rensburg W, Adebola P (2013). Assessment of genetic variability in Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc.) using morphological quantitative traits. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research 1:45-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.15413/ajar.2012.0129
STAR (2014). Biometrics and breeding informatics. BPGB Division, International Rice Research.
Thottappilly G, Rossel HW (1997). Identification and characterization of viruses infecting Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean) in Nigeria. International Journal of Pest Management 43:177-185. https://doi.org/10.1080/096708797228645
Tweneboah CK (2000). Modern agriculture in the tropics with special reference to Ghana. Accra, Co-Wood Publishers.
Uguru MI, Ezeh NE (1997). Growth, nodulation and yield of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L) Verdc.) on selected Nigerian soils. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 73:377-382. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199703)73:3<377::AID-JSFA739>3.0.CO;2-Z
Unigwe A, Gerrano A, Adebola P (2016). Morphological variation in selected accessions of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdc) in South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Science 8:69-80. https://doi.org/5539/jas.v8n//p69
Valombola JS, Akundabweni LM, Awala SK, Hove K (2019). Agronomic and morphological diversity of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verdc.) Accessions in North-Central Namibia. Welwitschia International Journal of Agricultural Science 1:88-99. https://doi.org/10.32642/wijas.v1i0.1369
Ward JH (1963). Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of the American Statistical Association 58:236-244. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1963.10500845
How to Cite
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SMTCT, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SMTCT supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.