Callogenesis in Cicer arietinum and identification of a genotype resistant to Ascochyta rabiei

  • Yasmina BENABDESSLEM University of Saida Dr. MoulayTahar, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Biotoxicology, Pharmacognosy and Biological Valorization Plant (LBPVBP), BP 138 cité ENNASR, Saida
  • Kadda HACHEM University of Saida Dr. MoulayTahar, Department of Biology, BP 138 cité ENNASR, Saida
  • Samia GHOMARI University of Sidi-Bel-Abbès Djillali Liabès, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, BP 89, 22000 Sidi-Bel-Abbès
Keywords: chickpea; histology; hormone balance; legume: pathogen

Abstract

The chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is one of the leguminous species most appreciated by consumers in the Mediterranean basin, while being an important source of protein. Nevertheless, its crop yields are greatly limited by several biotic and abiotic stresses, the main one being Ascochyta rabiei, the causal agent of anthracnose. As traditional breeding methods have proved to be ineffective in controlling this pathogen, resorting to biotechnological methods is necessary. Therefore, in this study, the callogenic capacity of stem and leaflet explants from three genotypes of chickpea, namely ‘FLIP 84-92 C’, ‘ILC 32-97’, and ‘ILC 263’, cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with different hormonal balances of auxins (indole-3-acetic acid [IAA] and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid [2,4-D]) and cytokinin (kinetin), was determined. For all the genotypes, high percentages of callogenesis were recorded in the different explants grown on an MS medium with 2 mg of both IAA and kinetin. Then, a patho-system of Cicer arietinum calluses with Ascochyta rabiei was investigated, followed by a histological assessment of this interaction. The presence of the fruiting bodies of the pathogen was revealed in the calluses of the ‘ILC 32-97’ and ‘ILC 263’ genotypes. Notably, the latter showed a high sensitivity to the pathogen, as indicated by an abundance of pycnidia in its tissues. As for the ‘FLIP 84-92 C’ genotype, the histological sections showed a total absence of inter- and intracellular fruiting bodies of the pathogen in the callus tissues. Therefore, this genotype was considered as resistant to Ascochyta rabiei.

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Published
2020-09-29
How to Cite
BENABDESSLEM, Y., HACHEM, K., & GHOMARI, S. (2020). Callogenesis in Cicer arietinum and identification of a genotype resistant to Ascochyta rabiei. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(3), 673-682. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12310788
Section
Research articles