Vegetative propagation of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) selections

  • Felicia CORNESCU University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, Doctoral School of Plant and Animal Resources Engineering, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, 200585, Craiova
  • Gheorghe ACHIM University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture and Food Science, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova; University of Craiova, S.C.D. P. Vâlcea, 464 Calea lui Traian street, 240273, Râmnicu-Vâlcea
  • Sina COSMULESCU University of Craiova, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Horticulture and Food Science, 13 A.I. Cuza Street, 200585 Craiova
Keywords: Cornus mas L.; genotypes; grafting; propagation

Abstract

Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L) is one of the most valuable fruit shrubs of the Cornaceae family, and therefore the vegetative propagation of the valuable selections is necessary because the material obtained must be used for the future. 4 genotypes were studied (2 perspective selections: H1 and H3 and two cultivars used as a control: ‘De Bucovăț’ (B) and ‘De Orhei’ (O) and propagated by grafting (the grafting method used was improved copulation. Biometric observations were focused on diameter below the point of graft (mm), diameter at the graft point (mm), diameter above the graft point (mm), height of graft (cm), number of anticipated, average length of the anticipated (cm), the sum of the anticipated length (cm), the growth increase (cm). Based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that the grafting method, enhanced copulation, within vegetative propagation, can be successfully used in the production of cornelian cherry planting material next to the other known methods; the growth of the anticipated shoots on plant could cause the appearance of flowering buds and implicitly earliness in fruit-setting.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Bijelic SM, Gološin BR, Cerović SB, Bogdanović BV (2016). A comparison of grafting methods for the production of quality planting material of promising cornelian cherry selections (Cornus mas L.) in Serbia. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 18(1):223-231.

Cornescu FC, Cosmulescu SN (2017). Morphological and biochemical characteristics of fruits of different cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes from spontaneous flora. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 9(4):577-581. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb9410161

Cornescu Fratutu F, Cosmulescu S (2019). Variability of morphological characteristics in genotypes of Cornus mas L. identified in Oltenia region. Scientific Papers. Series B. Horticulture 63(1):85-91.

Cosmulescu SN, Trandafir I, Cornescu F (2019). Antioxidant capacity, total phenols, total flavonoids and colour component of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) wild genotypes. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 47(2):390-394. https://doi.org/10.15835/nbha47111375

Cosmulescu S, Cornescu F (2020). Variability in physical and chemical characteristics of Cornelian cherry fruits (Cornus mas L.) from Romanian Oltenia region’s spontaneous flora and role of the climatic conditions. Brazilian Journal of Botany. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40415-020-00615-6

Darrow GM (1975). Minor fruits. advanced in fruit breeding. Janick J, Moore JN (Eds). Purdue Univ. Press. West Lafayette, Indiana, pp 623.

Fedosova K, Luigi FD (2012). Cornelian cherry (dogwood) in south of Ukraine. Харчова наука і технологія (2):60-64.

Hassanpour H, Shiri MA (2014). Propagation of Iranian Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) by rooted stem cuttings. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 6(2):192-195. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb629295

Ivanicka J, Cvopa J (1977). Propagation of dogwood (Cornus mas L.) by softwood and semi-hardwood cuttings. Gartenbauwissenchaft 42(4):169-171. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb629295

Klimenko S (2004). The cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.): collection, preservation, and utilization of genetic resources. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 12:93-98.

Klymenko S, Grygorieva O, Onyshuk L (2017). Biological bases of seed and vegetative reproduction of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) in nature and culture. Agrobiodiversity for Improving Nutrition, Health and Life Quality 1:233-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.15414/agrobiodiversity.2017.2585-8246.233-248.

Maghradze D, Abashidze E,Bobokashvili Z, Tchipashvili R, Maghlakelidze E (2009). Cornelian Cherry in Georgia. Acta Horticulturae 818:65-72. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.818.8

Marković M, Skočajić D, Grbić M, Ðukić M (2017). Vegetative propagation of elite trees of Cornus mas L. in the Belgrade area by softwood cuttings. In VIII International Scientific Agriculture Symposium pp 2646-2652.

Ognjanov V, Cerović S, Ninić-Todorović J, Jaćimović V, Gološin B, Bijelić S, Vračević B (2009). Selection and utilization of table cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.). Acta Horticulturae 814:121-124. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.814.13

Pirlak L (2000). Effects of different cutting times and IBA doses on the rooting rate of hardwood cuttings of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.). Anadolu 10(1):122-134.

Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
CORNESCU, F., ACHIM, G., & COSMULESCU, S. (2020). Vegetative propagation of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) selections. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(4), 836-841. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12410752
Section
Research articles
CITATION
DOI: 10.15835/nsb12410752