Selection of Dried and Table Apricots in Nevsehir and Nigde Regions, Turkey

  • Veyis YURTKULU The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ankara
  • Ali KÜDEN University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, 01330 Balcali, Saricam, Adana
  • Ayzin B. KÜDEN University of Cukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, 01330 Balcali, Saricam, Adana
Keywords: breeding; drought conditions; elite germplasm; genetic codes; late blooming

Abstract

Apricot, for which Turkey is recognized as a top producer and the leading country in the world, is one of the most produced stone fruits in Turkey. For long time ago, apricot has been grown with the nursery plants obtained from the seeds in Nevsehir and Nigde provinces caused a wide range of germplasm resources in this area (Cappadocia area). Each apricot tree shows different characteristics and could be a variety candidate. With this study, phenological and pomological characters of 91 genotypes were determined and among them 15 of the best promising genotypes were given in this paper. Considering the experimented 15 genotypes, 8 genotypes gave higher Brix value (SSC) (27-31%) than ‘Hacihaliloglu’ variety (25-26%) which was the most common dried apricot variety in Turkey. Regarding the fruit weight, which is an important aspect for both dried and table fruits, high valued genotypes were also determined. The fruit weight of 11 genotypes were higher than 50 g with the values between 51.45 g and 84.02 g. As a result of this study, candidates for dried and table apricot genotypes were identified.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Akca Y, Askın A (1995). Clonal selection in apricot cultivar Hacıhaliloglu. Acta Horticulturae 384:169-171.

Akca Y, Sen SM (1999). Studies on selection of apricots with good fruit quality and resistance to late spring frost in Gevas Plain. Acta Horticulturae 488:135-137.

Asma BM (2007). Malatya: the world’s capital of apricot culture. Chronica Horticulturae 47:20-24.

Asma BM (2012). New apricot selections for dried and table consumption in Eastern Anatolia-Turkey. 15th ISHS international symposium on apricot breeding and culture. Acta Horticulturae 966:291-294.

Bircan M, Pınar H, Yılmaz C, Yıldız A, Kargi SP, Kaska N (2008). The apricot breeding programme among some Turkish and foreign cultivars. 14th international symposium on apricot breeding and culture. Acta Horticultuare 862:103-107.

Bolat I, Guleryuz M (1995). Selection of late maturation wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) forms on Erzincan Plain. 10th international symposium on apricot culture. September 20-24, 1993, Izmir. Acta Horticulturae 384:183-187.

Durgac C (2001). Sakıt kayısılarının seleksiyonu, meyve büyüme durumları ve Sakıt vadisinin soğuklanma sürelerinin belirlenmesi. (Ph.D thesis), Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Guerriero R, Watkins R (1984). Revised descriptor list for apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). International board for plant genetic resources. Rome, Italy.

Özbek S (1978). Özel Meyvecilik. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları No:128, pp 386.

Ozyoruk C, Guleryuz M (1992). Iğdır ovasında yetişen kayısı çeşitleri üzerine pomolojik, biyolojik ve fenolojik araştırmalar. Master thesis, Atatürk Üniverstesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Pınar H, Bircan M, Yılmaz C, Kargı Paydas S, Kaska N, Yıldız A, Son L (2010). The performance of some apricot cultivars in the Mersin ecological conditions. Acta Horticulturae 862:109-112.

Sen SM, Tekintas MEM, Askın A, Cangi R, Boston SZ, Balta F, … Akca Y (1995). Researches on breeding by selection of wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) forms in Adilcevaz Plain. Acta Horticulturae 384:201-204.

Published
2019-12-24
How to Cite
YURTKULU, V., KÜDEN, A., & KÜDEN, A. B. (2019). Selection of Dried and Table Apricots in Nevsehir and Nigde Regions, Turkey . Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 11(4), 428-433. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb11410600
Section
Research articles