Two additions to the Asteraceae of Egypt

  • Adel EL-GAZZAR El-Arish University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany and Microbiology, El-Arish, N. Sinai,
  • Nahed EL-HUSSEINI Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany, The Herbarium, Giza
  • Azza A.F. KHAFAGI 3Al-AzhaUniversity, Girls Branch, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany, Madinet Nasr, Cairo
  • Nashwa A.M. MOSTAFA El-Arish University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany and Microbiology, El-Arish, N. Sinai,
Keywords: Asteraceae; DELTA; flora; Helenium amarum; key; Pulicaria dysenterica

Abstract

The novel occurrence of Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock var. amarum and Pulicaria dysenterica (L.) Gaertn. (Asteraceae) in the flora of Egypt is reported. Apart from the single collection of H. amarum var. amarum in Australia, this taxon was not recorded previously outside its country of origin in South-Eastern United States and Mexico. With the recording of Pulicaria dysenterica in Egypt, Libya remains the only Mediterranean country where it has not as yet been found. Detailed description of the two species in terms of 83 characters is provided. A data matrix including the eight Pulicaria species found in Egypt and 19 of their morphological characters was compiled and a conventional key was constructed using the key-generating computer program suit DELTA.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Abdalla EJM (2009). A taxonomic study on the genus Pulicaria in the Sudan. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Khartoum, pp 49.

Andrews FW (1956). The flowering plants of the Sudan. Compositae-Gramineae. T Buncle & Co., Ltd., Abroath, Scotland. Vol. 3.

Anonymous (2016). Bitterweed. Queensland Government, Business Queensland.

Bean AR (2015). Helenium. In: Wilson A (Ed). Asteraceae 1, subfam. Asteroideae, tribe Helenieae. Flora of Australia 37:445-446.

Bierner MW (2006). Helenium amarum. In: Flora of North America North of Mexico. 21:428. www.efloras.org

Boulos L, Hind DJN (2002). Compositae. In: Boulos L (Ed). Flora of Egypt, vol. 3. Verbenaceae-Compositae. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo, pp 134-317.

Chen Y, Anderberg AA (2018). Asteraceae. 12. Tribe Inuleae. Flora of China 20(21):827.

www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=20541

Dallwitz MJ, Paine TA (2005). Definition of the DELTA format. http://delta-intkey.com/standard.htm

Dallwitz MJ, Paine TA, Zurcher EJ (1993). User's guide to the DELTA system: a general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 4th edition. http://delta-intkey.com

El-Gazzar A, El-Husseini N, Khafagi AA, Mostafa NAM (2019a). Computer-generated keys to the flora of Egypt. 8. The spiny taxa of Asteraceae. Egyptian Journal of Botany 59(1):209-232.

El-Gazzar A, El-Husseini N, Khafagi AA, Mostafa NAM (2019b). Computer-generated keys to the flora of Egypt. 10. The spineless taxa of Asteraceae. Egyptian Journal of Botany 59(1).

El Hadidi MN, Fayed AA (1994/95). Materials for excursion flora of Egypt (EFE). Taeckholmia 15:1-233.

Fayed AA, Mohamed M (1991). Systematic revision of Compositae in Egypt. 5. Tribe Inuleae: Pulicaria and related genera. Willdenowia 20:81-89.

Feinbrun-Dothan N (1977). Flora of Palestine. Part 3-Plates. Ericaceae-Compositae. The Israel Academy of Science and Humanities, Jerusalem pp 490-757.

Feinbrun-Dothan N (1978). Flora Palestine. Part 3-Text. Ericaceae-Compositae. The Israel Academy of Science and Humanities, Jerusalem pp 285-447.

Gamal-Eldin E (1981). Revision der Gattung Pulicaria (Compositae-Inuleae) für Afrika, Makaronesien und Arabien. Phanerogamen Monographiae Tomus XIV. J. Cramer. Germany, Vaduz pp 311 pp.

Greuter W (2006+). Compositae (pro parte majore). In: Greuter W, Raab-Straube E von (Eds). Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity.

Simpson A, Eyler MC, Cannister M, Libby R, Rozlowski N, Sellers E, Guala, GF (2018). Dataset of the first comprehensive list of the non-native species established in three major regions of the United States. U.S. Geological Survey Data Release. https://doi.org/10.5066/P9E5K160

Täckholm V (1974). Students’ flora of Egypt (2nd ed). Cairo, pp 888.

The Plant List (2016). Compositae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 18 November 2016 from www.theplantlist.org

The Missouri Botanical Garden (2017). Compositae. Retrieved 14 July 2017 from www.tropicos.org

USDA (2018). Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock var. amarum sneezeweed.

https://plants.Usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=HEMA

Zareh MM (2005a). Synopsis of the family Asteraceae in Egypt. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5:832-844.

Zareh M (2005b). Systematic and anatomical studies of Inuleae and Plucheeae in Egypt. Feddes Repertorium 116:43-53.

Published
2020-03-31
How to Cite
EL-GAZZAR, A., EL-HUSSEINI, N., KHAFAGI, A. A., & MOSTAFA, N. A. (2020). Two additions to the Asteraceae of Egypt. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 12(1), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb12110574
Section
Research articles