Antimicrobial Activity of Selected Mosses on Obafemi Awolowo University Campus, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
The present study aimed to evaluate antimicrobial activity of ethanol, methanol, schnapp (40% alcohol), oil palm wine and Raffia palm wine extracts of moss species Archidium ohioense, Pelekium gratum and Hyophila involuta against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Candida pseudotropicalis. The antimicrobial activities of the alcoholic extracts were tested against selected microorganisms using agar well diffusion method. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the extracts were determined using standard methods. The antimicrobial test of the extracts on selected organisms revealed that the methanolic and ethanolic extracts of the mosses studied were inactive against all the bacteria and fungi screened, while the schnapp, Oil palm wine and Raffia palm wine extracts showed significant activity against the selected organisms. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of the extracts on the test organisms ranged from 1.25 to 40 mg/ml. The study concluded that the extracts of the mosses studied contain pharmacologically active constituents which may be responsible for their antimicrobial properties.
Aibinu I, Adenipekun T, Adelowotan T, Ogunsanya T, Odugbemi, T (2007). Evaluation of the antimicrobial properties of different parts of Citrus aurantifolia (Lime fruit) as used locally. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 4(2):185-190.
Akande AO (1992). A description and provisional key to some mosses in Ondo State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Botany 5:145-160.
Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A, Nagashima F (2013). Chemical constituents of bryophytes: bio and chemical diversity, biological activity, and chemosystematics (Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products). Springer. Vienna, Austria pp 796.
Bodade RG, Bokar PS, Arfeen MS, Khobragadi, CN (2008). In-vitro screening of bryophytes for antimicrobial activity. Journal of Medicinal Plants 7(4):310-319.
CSLI (2012). Clinical and laboratory standard institute. Performance standard for antimicrobial susceptibility testing: twenty-second information supplement M100-S22. CSLI, Wayne, PA, USA.
Deora GS, Narendra JS (2007). Antibiotic effects of certain bryophytes on Agrobacterium tumifaciens. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 1(2):215-219.
Deora GS, Suhalka D (2016). Phytochemical composition and fungicidal potential of moss Philonotis revoluta against spore germination process of fungus Helminthosporium turcicum. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences 11(6):38-43.
Deora GS, Vishwakarma G (2012). Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of Plagiochasma intermedium. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 6(2):869-874.
El- Mahmood AM (2009). Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Euphorbia hirta against some bacteria associated with enteric infections. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 3(7):498-505.
Ertuk O, Sahin H, Ertuk YE, Hotaman EH, Koz B, Ozdemir O (2015). The antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts obtained from some moss species in Turkey. Herba Polonica 61(4):52-65.
Gradstein SR, Churchill SP, Salazar Allen N (2001). Guide to the bryophytes of tropical America. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 86:1-577.
Ilhan S, Savaroglu F, Çolak F, Isçen C, Erdemgil F (2006). Antimicrobial activity of Palustriella commutata (Hedw.) ochyra extracts (Bryophyta). Turkish Journal Biology 30(3):149-152.
Isa MO, Makinde AM, Akinpelu BA (2014). Secondary metabolites and antimicrobial activity of selected mosses at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research 4(1):49-60.
Lamikanra A (2010). Essential microbiology for students and practitioner of pharmacy, medicine and microbiology. 2nd edition. Amkra books.
Nweze EL, Okafor JI, Njoku O (2004). Antimicrobial activities of methanolic extracts of Tremaguineensis (Schumn and Thorn) and Morinda lucida Benth used in Nigeria. Biological Research 2(1):39-46.
Olukoya DK, Ndika N, Odugbemi TO (1993). Antibacterial activity of some medicinal plants in Nigeria. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 39(1): 69-72.
Olukoya DK, Odugbemi TO, Bamgbose SOA (1986). Some aspects of traditional therapy of Gonorrhea in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Ethno- Medicine 1:26-29.
Sabovljevic M, Ganeva A, Tsakiri E, Stefanut S (2001). Bryology and bryophyte protection in South-eastern Europe. Biological Conservation 101(1):73-84.
Subramoniam A, Subhisha S (2005). Bryophytes of India: a potential source of antimicrobial agents. In: Khan A and Khranum A, editor. Role of biotechnology in medicinal and aromatic plants. Vol. II Hyderabad, India: Ukaaz publication.
Xie CF, Lou HX (2009). Secondary metabolites in some bryophytes. An ecological aspect. Chemistry and Biodiversity 6(3):303-312.
Zhang Q (2015). Effects of extraction solvents on phytochemicals and antioxidant activities of walnut (Juglans regia L.) green husk extracts European Journal of Food Science and Technology 3(5):15-21.
Copyright (c) 2019 Notulae Scientia Biologicae
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Distribution - Permissions - Copyright
Papers published in Notulae Scientia Biologicae are Open-Access, distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
© Articles by the authors; licensee SHST, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The journal allow the author(s) to hold the copyright/to retain publishing rights without restriction.
Open Access Journal - the journal offers free, immediate, and unrestricted access to peer-reviewed research and scholarly work, due SHST supports to increase the visibility, accessibility and reputation of the researchers, regardless of geography and their budgets. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.