Determination of Heavy Metal Levels in Echium italicum L. Plants

Esra UCAR, Sevda OZEL, Tolga KARAKOY, Filiz OKTUREN ASRI, Gulsah Kutuk DINCEL, Burak DINCEL

Abstract


Plants and their components have maintained importance in human life as medicinal and aromatic ingredients that have been used by people for many centuries. Nature is the chief source of these valuable resources and humans use these plants directly after collection from their habitat. Therefore, the places where such plants grow have become highly important for understanding the role and behaviour of the accumulation of various elements, especially heavy metals. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of heavy metals in Echium italicum L. plants collected from seven different locations in the province of Sivas in Northern Turkey. Heavy metal pollution was determined in the analysis of the plants. A significant difference was observed in the amounts of heavy metals between plants growing in areas with high vehicle traffic and in the plants growing in low traffic areas. This is of great importance for medical and aromatic plants, which are usually collected from areas of natural growth. Therefore, when these plants are collected from the wild, low traffic areas should be selected. 

Keywords


Echium italicumL; heavy metal; Pb-Cd-Hg; pollution

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allan R (1997). Introduction: mining and metals in the environment. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 58:95-100.

Alloway WH (1968). Agronomic controls over environmental cycling of trace elements. Advances in Agronomy 20:235-274.

Alloway BJ (1990). Heavy metals in soils. Blackie and Sou Ltd., Glasgow and London.

Anonymous (2005). Toprak Kirliliginin Kontrolu Yonetmeligi. 31 Mayıs 2005 Tarih ve 25831 Sayılı Resmi Gazete, Ankara pp 33-44.

Bakkaus E, Gouget B, Gallien JP, Khodja H, Carrot F, Morel JL, Collins R (2005). Concentration and distribution of cobalt in higher plants: The use of micro-PIXE spectroscopy. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 321:350-356.

Baloch FS, Karakoy T, Demirbas A, Toklu F, Ozkan H, Hatipoglu R (2014). Variation of some seed mineral contents in open pollinated faba bean (Vicia faba L.) landraces from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 38:591-602.

Basar H, Aydinalp C (2005). Heavy metal contamination in peach trees irrigated with water from a heavily polluted creek. Journal of Plant Nutrition 28(11):2049-2063.

Bergmann (1993). Ernaehrungsstoerungen bei Kulturpflanzen. Dritte Erweiterte Auflage, Gustav Fisher Verleag Jena, Stutgart.

Berti M, Johnson BL, Dash S, Fischer S, Wilckens R, Hevia F (2007). Echium: a source of stearidonic acid adapted to the northern Great Plains in the US, In: Janick J, Whipkey A(Eds), Issues in New Crops and New Uses, ASHS Press, Alexandria pp 120-125.

Bourrelier PH, Bertelin J (1998). Contamination des sol par les elements en taraces: Les risques et leur gestion. Academie des Sciences, rapport no 42, Lavoisier, Paris.

Cutler JM, Rains DW (1974). Characterization of cadmium uptake by plant tissues. Plant Physiology 54:67-71.

Coupland K (2008). Stearidonic acid: A plant produced omega3 PUFA and a potential alternative for marine oil fatty acids. Lipid Technology 20(7):152-154.

Caglarırmak N, Hepcimen AZ (2010). Agır Metal Toprak Kirliliginin Gıda Zinciri ve Insan Saglıgına Etkisi. Akademik Gıda 8(2):31-35.

Dixon JB (1989). Kaolin and serpentine group minerals. In: Dixon JB, Weed SB (Eds). Minerals in soil environments. 2nd ed. SSSA Book Ser. No. 1. SSSA, Madison WI pp 467-525.

Edmondson JR (1978). Echium. In: Davis PH (Ed). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh. The University Press 6:318-24.

El-Bassam N, Tgetjen C (1977). Municipal sludge as organic fertilizer with special reference to the heavy metals constituents. In: Soil organic matter studies. Vienna, IAEE Vol. 2.

Eruygur N (2012). Turkiye’de Yetisen Bazı Echium Turlerinin Yara Iyilestirici Aktivitesinin Arastırılması. Gazi Universitesi, Doktora Tezi.

Fujita TES, Tabata M, Yesilada E, Honda G, Takeda Y, Tanaka T, Takaishi Y (2013). Traditional medicine in Turkey VII. Folk medicine in middle and west Black Sea regions. Economic Botany 49(4):406-422.

Haktanır K, Arcak S, Ergul G (1995). Yol Kenarlarındaki Topraklarda Trafikten Kaynaklanan Agır Metallerin Birikimi. Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences 19(6):423-432.

Horvath A (1995). Soil lead content in Hungary. Nepegeszsegugy 76(4):143-157.

Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H (1992). Trace elements in soils and plants. 2nd Edition CRC Press, Boca Raton, Ann Arnbor London.

Kaçar B, Katkat V (2006). Bitki Besleme. Nobel Yayın No:849. Fen Bilimleri 30(5).

Kacar B, Inal A (2008). Bitki Analizleri. Nobel Yayınları No: 1241, Ankara.

Karakoy T, Erdem H, Baloch FS, Toklu F, Eker S, Kilian B, Ozkan H (2012). Diversity of macro- and micronutrients in the seeds of lentil landraces. The Scientific World Journal 1-9.

Karakoy T, Baloch, FS, Toklu F, Ozkan H (2014). Variation for selected morphological and quality-related traits among 178 faba bean landraces collected from Turkey. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization 12:5-13.

Kloke A (1980). Orientierungsdaten fuer Tolerierbare Gesamtgehalte einiger Elemente in Kulturboden Mitt. VDLUFA 1-3:9-11.

Linzon SN (1978). Phytotoxicology excessive levels for contaminants in soil and vegetation. Report of Ministry of the Environment, Ontorio, Canada.

Mengel K (1991). Ernaehrung und Stoffwechsel der Pflanze. Gustar Fiscer Verlag Jena.

Moen JET, Cornet JP, Evers CWA (1986). Soil protection and remedial actions: Criteria for decision making and standardization of requirements. 441-448. In: Contaminated soil 441-448, Springer, Dordrecht.

Mohsen A (2004). Antibacterial effect of borage (Echium amoenum) on Staphylococcus aureus. Department of Immunology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran 13164, Iran.

Morteza-Semnani K, Saeedi M, Akbarzadeh M (2009). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Echium italicum L. Journal of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants 12(5):557-561.

Okcu M, Tozlu E, Kumlay AM, Pehluvan M (2009). Agır metallerin bitkiler üzerine etkileri. Alınteri 17:14-26.

Ozyigit II, Yalcin B, Turan S, Saracoglu IA, Karadeniz S, Yalcin IE, Demir G (2017). Investigation of heavy metal level and mineral nutrient status in widely used medicinal plants’ leaves in Turkey: Insights into health implications. Biological Trace Element Research 182(2):387-406.

Pardo F, Perich F, Torres R, Delle Monache F (2000). Stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione an unusual phytotoxic sterone from the roots of Echium vulgare L. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28(9):911-913.

Rechinger KH (1967). Flora Iranica. Akademische Druck-U.Verlagsanstalt, Graz-Austria 48, pp 214.

Robinson BH (1997). The phytoextraction of heavy metals from metalliferous soils. PhD Dissertation. Massey University, New Zealand.

Rodríguez-Bocanegra J, Roca1 N, Febrero A, Bort J (2018). Assessment of heavy metal tolerance in two plant species growing in experimental disturbed polluted urban soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18(6):2305-2317.

Schwertmann V, Huit M (1975). Erosionsbedingte Stoffverteilung in zwei hopfengenutzten Kleinlandschaften der Hallertau (Bayern). Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde 138(4‐5):397-405.

Smith KA (1990). Manganese and cobalt in heavy metals in soils. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York.

Soon YK (1998). Determination of cadmium, chromium, cobalt, lead and nickel in plant tissue. In: Kalra YP (Ed). Handbook of references methods for plant analysis, CRC Press, New York pp 193-198.

Tabata M, Sezik E, Honda G, Yesilada E, Fukui H, Goto K, Ikeshiro Y (1994). Traditional medicine in Turkey III. Folk medicine in East Anatolia, Van and Bitlis Provinces. Pharmaceutical Biology 32(1):3-12.

Tong MM, Gao WJ, Jiao WT, Zhou J, Li YY, He LL, Hou RY (2017). Uptake, translocation, metabolism, and distribution of glyphosate in non-target tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 65:7638-7646.

Tok HH (1997). Cevre Kirliligi. Anadolu Matbaa Ambalaj San. Tic. Ltd. Sti, Istanbul pp 266-283.

Yıldırım A, Ekin T (2003). Orta Anadolu Bolgesi Yabancı Ot Florası. Bitki Koruma Bulteni 43:1-98.

Vural H (1993). Agır metal iyonlarının gıdalarda olusturdugu kirlilikler. Cevre Dergisi 8:3-8.

Yoon J, Cao X, Zhou Q, Ma LQ (2006). Accumulation of Pb, Cu and Zn in native plants growing on a contamined Florida site. Science of the Total Environment 368:456-464.

Zincircioglu N (2013). Investigation of the heavy metal contents of some agricultural lands in the region of Manisa-Akhisar. Ege Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi 50(3):333-339.

Welch RM, Cary EE (1975). Concentration of chromium, nickel and vanadium in plant materials. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 23:479-482.

White PJ (2012). Plant stress physiology. School of Agricultural Science. University of Tasmania, Private Bag 54, Hobart, Australia, ISBN: 9781845939953, Chapter 10 (Heavy metal toxicity in plants), DOI: 10.1079/9781845939953.0000.

Wu DM, Yu XL, Chu SS, Jacobs DF, Wei XH, Wang C, Long FL, Chen XY, Zeng SC (2018). Alleviation of heavy metal phytotoxicity in sewage sludge by vermicomposting with additive urban plant litter. Science of the Total Environment 633:71-80.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/nsb10310349


**********************************************************************

Under the aegis of Horticulture and Forestry Society from Transylvania

**********************************************************************