Characterization of Thirty Cultivars of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) by Their Foliar Anatomical Traits


  • Bhavna Girish SHARMA The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat (IN)
  • Susy ALBERT The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat (IN)
  • Haresh Kumar DHADUK Anand Agricultural University, Department of Agriculture Botany, B.A. College of Agriculture, Anand 388110, Gujarat (IN)



cultivars; leaves; Mangifera; palisade; spongy; variation


Leaves of thirty cultivars of Mangifera indica L. were investigated to compare their anatomical variations and identify the characteristic features which are potential markers for the identification of the cultivars. Variations were noted in the thickness of cuticle, length of epidermal cells in the abaxial and adaxial surfaces, length of palisade and spongy tissue. The length of epidermal cell varied from 10 µm in ‘Goto’ to 25 µm in ‘Desi’ cultivars on adaxial side, while on the abaxial side it varied from 15.5 µm in ‘Alphonso’ to 6.9 µm in ‘Sopari’. The palisade tissue length was maximum in ‘Jahangir’ (111.36 µm), while it was lowest in ‘Fazli’ (24.13 µm). Spongy tissue length was the highest in ‘Jamadar’ (199.92 µm) and lowest in ‘Fazli’ (90.55 µm). Two layers of palisade tissue were seen in ‘Sindoria’, ‘Jhumakhiya 2’, ‘Aambadi’, ‘Neelam’,  ‘Rajapuri’, ‘Fazli’, ‘Jahangir’, ‘Kaju’, and ‘Aamir pasand’, while three layers were seen in ‘Alphonso’, ‘Jamadar’, ‘Ladvo’, ‘Sopari’ and ‘Dudhpendo’. Such parameters can be used for distinctly differentiating varieties among them and thus have an exact identification when morphological features are indistinguishable.


Metrics Loading ...


Agbagwa OI, Ndukwu BC (2004). The value of morphoanatomical features in the systematic of Cucurbita L. (Cucurbitaceae) species in Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 3(10):541-546.

Ali ZA, Mustafa NS, Abdel-Raouf HS, El-Shazly SM, El-Berry IM (2013). Characterization of some fig cultivars by anatomical traits on both leaves and stems. World Applied Sciences Journal 24(8):1065-1071.

Cutler DF, Botha CEJ, Stevenson DW (2008). Plant anatomy: an applied approach. Malden, MA, USA, Blackwell Publishing.

Datta PC, Dasgupta A (1979). Comparison of vegetative anatomy of Piperales: III. Vascular supplies to leaves. Acta Botanica Indica 7(1):39-46.

De Candolle A (1904). Origin of cultivated plants. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trulener and Co. Ltd., London, UK. Origin of cultivated plants. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trulener and Co Ltd, London, UK.

Dickson WC (1969). Comparative morphological studies in Dilleniaceae: IV. Anatomy of the node and vascularization of the leaf. Journal of Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University 50:384-410.

Dickson WC (1980). Diverse nodal anatomy of the Cunoniacae. Americal Journal of Botany 67:975-981.

Dinc M, Duran A, Pinar M, Ozturk M (2008). Anatomy, palynology and nutlet Micromorphology of Turkish endemic Teucrium sandrasicum (Lamiaceae). Biologia 63(5): 637-641.

Essiest UA (2010). Petiole anatomy for systematic purposed in Eremomastax polysperma, Justicia insularis and Asystacia gangetica (Acanthaceae). World Journal of Applied Science and Technology 2(1):69-75.

Heneidak SA, Samai Shaheen M (2007). Characteristics of the proximal to distal regions of the petioles to identify tree species of Papilionoideae- Fabaceae. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 14(2):101-115.

Howard RA (1962). The vascular structure of the petiole as a taxonomic character. In Proceedings of the XVth International Horticultural Congress, Nice 1958 New York, Pergamon Press pp7-13.

Johansen DA (1940). Plant microtechnique. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc.

Kharazian N (2007). The taxonomy and variation of leaf anatomical characters in the genus Aegilops L. (Poaceae) in Iran. Turkish Journal of Botany 31:1-19.

Khosravi AR, Poormahdi S (2008). Polygonum khajeh-jamali (Polygonaceae), a new species from Iran. In: Annales Botanici Fennici (45(6):477-480). Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board.

Kocsis MJ, Borhidi A (2004). Comparative leaf anatomy and morphology of some neotrophical Rondeletia (Rubiaceae) species. Plant Systematic and Evolution 248:205-218.

Maksymowych AB, Orkwiszewski AJ, Maksymowych R (1983). Vascular bundles in petioles of some herbaceous and woody dicotledons. American Journal of Botany 70(9):1289-1296.

Martínez-Cabrera D, Terrazas T, Ochoterena H (2009). Foliar and petiole anatomy of tribe Hamelieae and other Rubiaceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 96(1):133-145.

Mavi DO, Dogan M, Cabi E (2010). Comparative leaf anatomy of the genus Hordeum L. (Poaceae). Turkish Journal of Botany 35:357-368.

Metcalfe CR, Chalk L (1950). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: leaves, stems and wood in relation to taxonomy- with notes on economic uses. 1st ed. Vol. 1. Clarendon Press, Oxford pp 1498.

Metcalfe CR, Chalk L (1983). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons II, Oxford University Press, London.

Mukehrjee SK (1951). Origin of mango. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 11: 49-56.

Ochse JJ, Soule MJ, Dijkman MJ, Wehlburg C (1961). Tropical and subtropical agriculture. Soil Science 91(5):356.

Odyek O, Bbosa GS, Waako P (2007). Antibacterial activity of Mangifera indica L. African Journal of Ecology 45(1):13-16.

Ogunrade CS, Saheed SA (2012). Foliar epidermal characters and petiole anatomy of four species of Citrus L. (Rutaceae) from south-western Nigeria. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 19(1):25-31.

Ozdemir C, Senel G (1999). The morphological, anatomical and karyological properties of Salvia sclarea L. Turkish Journal of Botany 23:7-18.

Ozdemir C, Senel G (2001). The morphological, anatomical and karyological properties of Salvia forskahlei L. (Lamiaceae) in Turkey. Recent researches in plant anatomy and morphology. Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers (India) Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers (India) pp 297-313.

Popenoe W (1920). Manual of tropical and subtropical fruits. The Macmillan Co., New York pp 474.

Salimpur F, Mazooji A, Onsori S (2009). Stem and leaf anatomy of ten Geranium L. species in Iran. African Journal of Plant Science 3(11):238-244.

Scartezzini P, Speroni E (2000). Review on some plants of Indian traditional medicine with antioxidant activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 71(1):23-43.

Schofield EK (1968). Petiole anatomy of the Guttiferae and related families. Mem. NewYork Botanical Garden 18(1):1-55.

Shah KA, Patel MB, Patel RJ, Parmar PK (2010). Mangifera indica (mango). Pharmacognosy Reviews 4(7):42.

Sultan HA, BI Abu Elreish, YSM Yagi (2010). Anatomical and phytochemical studies of the leaves and roots of Uginea grandiflora Bak. and Pancratium turtuosum Herbert. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14:826-85.




How to Cite

SHARMA, B. G., ALBERT, S., & DHADUK, H. K. (2018). Characterization of Thirty Cultivars of Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) by Their Foliar Anatomical Traits. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 10(4), 547–553.



Research articles
DOI: 10.15835/nsb10410341